Inorganic Chemistry, Elementary (Advanced)

Inorganic Chemistry, Elementary (Advanced)

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1875 edition. Excerpt: ...+ 3 Xj.' = " +OH2 f 0 +2S0aKoHo 1 (oci 10Ko (OCI in which-J0 is potassic perchlorate, having one mors (OKo equivalent of 0 than the Potassic Chlorate experimented on; while S03KoHo is hydric potassic sulphate, one equivalent of hydroxyl in the acid having been exchanged for one of potassoxyl in the chlorate. 68. Oxyacids Of Chlorine.--These are four in number, regularly increasing in the quantities of oxygen they contain, 1, 2, 3, and 4 equivalents. These are (1) Hypochlorous Acid, ClHo; Chlorous Acid, OClHo; Chloric Acid, Q0,1, and Per i oci I uuo chloric A cid, 0, of which, ai we have already seen, these ( OHo may be derived from the corresponding anhydrides. They are all exceedingly unstable, as we have seen is the case with the anhydrides, and are not very important, though some of their salts are, particularly the chlorates and hypochlorites, derived from the chloric and hypochlorous acids respectively. 69. (1) HypOChloroUS Acid.--Properties.--It is a yellow liquid, with a characteristic smell, and powerful bleaching properties. With bases it forms a rather important class of salts called hypochlorites. The calcium salt is known in commerce as chloride of lime. 70. Preparation.--This acid is prepared by the action of hypochlorous anhydride upon water, OCI2 + OH2 = 2ClHo. (2) It may also be prepared by snaking together in a wellclosed vessel precipitated mercuric oxide, Hg0, with a strong solution of CI gas, Hg0-r2Cl2 + OH2 = 2ClHo-rHgCV 71. Chlorous Acid---Properties.--This is a yellowish-green liquid, which bleaches litmus and forms chlorites with bases. 72. Preparation.--This acid may be formed by the action of chlorous anhydride upon water, 0s CI2 + OH2 = OClHo. 73. Chloric Acid---Properties.--This is a sour liquid, and acts as more

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  • Paperback | 34 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 82g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236488423
  • 9781236488428