Preface. List of Contributors. Introduction. Part I: Technology, Growth and Structural Change. A Global Perspective on Technology and Economic Performance, and the Implications for the Post-Socialist Countries; B. Verspagen. Patterns of Structural Change in Manufacturing Industry in Central and Eastern Europe; W. Urban. Technology and Industrial Restructuring in Central Europe; M. Knell, D. Hanzl. Part II: Bibliometrics and the Changing Science Landscape. Advances Bibliometric Methods in the Analysis of Research Performance and Scientific Developments: A Contribution to Science Policy in Transition Countries; A.F.J. van Raan. The Structure of Disciplinary Comparative Advantage in Post-Communist Countries; J. Kozlowski, D. Ircha. Bibliometric Analysis of S&T Policy in Bulgaria in the New Economic Conditions; S.A. Rozhkov. Part III: Transformation of R&D. Transformation of R&D in the Post-Socialist Countries: Asset or Liability? W. Meske. Transformation of R&D in the Post-Socialist Countries: Patterns and Trends; L. Gokhberg. R&D Behaviour of Firms in Transition Economies: An Analysis of the Key Determinants; B. Urem. The Transformation Role of FDI in R&D: Analysis Based on Material from a Databank; A. Inzelt. Transformation of R&D in Russia: the Role of Government Priorities; N. Gorodnikova. R&D in East and West Germany since Reunification; C. Grenzmann. Part IV: Technical Change and Innovation: Innovation Surveys. Measuring Technological Innovation in Industry in European Union and Post-Socialist Countries; G. Sirilli. Polish Innovation Surveys: Current Status and Analysis of Results; G. Niedbalska. Specificities of Innovation Activity in Russian Industry; L. Gokhberg, I. Kuznetsova. Innovation Activities in Open and Closed Economic Environments: The Case of the Yugoslav Metal-Processing, Chemicals and Textile Industries in 1987-91 and 1992-96; D.G. Kutlaca. Part V: Trade, Technology and Structural Change. Trade, Technology and Structural Change in Post-Socialist Countries: an Introduction; S. Radosevic, K. Pavitt. Technology and Structural Change in the Trade Patterns of the Former Centrally Planned Economies; P. Guerrieri. Transformation of Technology Patterns of Trade in the Post-Socialist Economies; S. Kubielas. Part VI: Measuring the Rate of Transformation of Technological and Human Resources in Russia. Knowledge Flows in the S&T System; F.D. Gault, W. Hansen. Statistics on Information Technology in Russia; A. Sokolov. Higher Education and the Labour Market in Russia: Trends in the Transition Period; N. Kovaleva. Index.