The Inner Citadel

The Inner Citadel : The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius

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The "Meditations" of Marcus Aurelius is seen as one of the three most important expressions of Stoicism. Pierre Hadot here uncovers levels of meaning and expands the understanding of its underlying philosophy through what he argues are the deceptive clarity and ease of the work's style. Written by the Roman emperor for his own private guidance and self-admonition, the "Meditations" set forth principles for living a good and just life. Hadot probes Marcus Aurelius's guidelines and convictions and discerns the conceptual system that grounds them. Quoting the "Meditations" to illustrate his analysis, Hadot unfolds the philosophical context of the "Meditations", commenting on the philosophers Marcus Aurelius read and giving special attention to the teachings of Epictetus, whose disciple he was. The soul, the guiding principle within us, is in Marcus Aurelius's Stoic philosophy an invoilable stronghold of freedom, the "inner citadel". This study offers a picture of the philosopher-emperor, a fuller understanding of the tradition and doctrines of Stoicism, and insight on the culture of the Roman empire in the 2nd more

Product details

  • Hardback | 362 pages
  • 160.02 x 236.22 x 20.32mm | 589.67g
  • Cambridge, Mass, United States
  • English
  • 1 line illustration
  • 0674461711
  • 9780674461710

Review quote

Pierre Hadot, Professeur Honoraire of the College de France, aims in "The Inner Citadel" to discover what the emperor wanted to accomplish by writing [the "Meditations"]...The book he has written (published in French in 1992) achieves these aims superbly while also offering a broad introduction to the intellectual world of the second century...Through his analysis of the "Meditations", Hadot exposes to our view the mind of those who ruled the Roman world at the height of its prosperity. -- Kenneth D. Bratt "Calvin Theological Journal"show more

Table of contents

The emperor-philosopher; a first glimpse of the "Meditations"; the "Meditations" as spiritual exercises; the philosopher-slave and the emperor-philosopher; the stoicism of Epictetus; the inner citadel, or the discipline of assent; the dicipline of desire or Amor Fati; the discipline of action, or action in the service of mankind; virtue and joy; Marcus Aurelius in his "Meditations".show more