Information and Intrigue

Information and Intrigue : From Index Cards to Dewey Decimals to Alger Hiss

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Description

An account of Herbert Field's quest for a new way of organizing information and how information systems are produced by ideology as well as technology.

In Information and Intrigue Colin Burke tells the story of one man's plan to revolutionize the world's science information systems and how science itself became enmeshed with ideology and the institutions of modern liberalism. In the 1890s, the idealistic American Herbert Haviland Field established the Concilium Bibliographicum, a Switzerland-based science information service that sent millions of index cards to American and European scientists. Field's radical new idea was to index major ideas rather than books or documents. In his struggle to create and maintain his system, Field became entangled with nationalistic struggles over the control of science information, the new system of American philanthropy (powered by millionaires), the politics of an emerging American professional science, and in the efforts of another information visionary, Paul Otlet, to create a pre-digital worldwide database for all subjects.

World War I shuttered the Concilium, and postwar efforts to revive it failed. Field himself died in the influenza epidemic of 1918. Burke carries the story into the next generation, however, describing the astonishingly varied career of Field's son, Noel, who became a diplomat, an information source for Soviet intelligence (as was his friend Alger Hiss), a secret World War II informant for Allen Dulles, and a prisoner of Stalin. Along the way, Burke touches on a range of topics, including the new entrepreneurial university, Soviet espionage in America, and further efforts to classify knowledge.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 384 pages
  • 178 x 229 x 22mm | 752.96g
  • MIT Press
  • Cambridge, Mass., United States
  • English
  • 11 b&w photos; 22 Illustrations, unspecified
  • 026202702X
  • 9780262027021
  • 1,515,768

Review quote

Burke provides a unique presentation of the many organizations in the late 1890s and the early 1900s in both the United States and Europe, which were beginning to develop service businesses with information as the product. The actions of these groups varied from conflicting to competitive to collegial to cooperative, often changing over time. Of particular relevance was the desire for recognition and funding.

-Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
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About Colin B. Burke

Colin B. Burke is the author of several works on information and intelligence history, including Information and Secrecy: Vannevar Bush, Ultra, and the Other Memex and The Secret in Building 26. He lives in Maryland.
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Rating details

3 ratings
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