Inertial Coordinate System on the Sky

Inertial Coordinate System on the Sky : Proceedings of the 141st Symposium of the International Astronomical Union Held in Leningrad, U.S.S.R., October 17-21, 1989

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IA U Symposium Number 141 "Inertial Coordinate System on the Sky" was held in Leningrad, USSR from 17-21 October 1989. The symposium also commemorated the 150th anniversary of the founding of Pulkovo Observatory. The scientific program was presented in ten half-day sessions. Most sessions were held at the Pulkovskaya Hotel, but one session which highlighted Pulkovo's current programs was held at Pulkovo Observatory. The sessions were organized into general categories pertaining to the legacy of Pulkovo for inertial systems; current programs at Pulkovo Observatory; concepts, definitions and models; and the realization and comparision of reference frames. More than 140 scientific papers were presented, either orally or in poster form. Extensive use was made of electronic mail and computer-readable communications, and more than two-thirds of the authors made use of the opportunity to submit papers for formatting by the editors. The meeting was truly a symposium in the Greek sense of the word-a free-flowing exchange of ideas and opinions. The final two papers presented at the symposium by Wilkins and by Westerhout are presented at an eady stage in the published proceedings, in order to help focus the reader's attention on the concepts and problems explored in subsequent papers. As pointed out by G.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 564 pages
  • 165.1 x 241.3 x 38.1mm | 1,155g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1990 ed.
  • 564 p.
  • 0792307860
  • 9780792307860

Table of contents

1 The legacy of Pulkovo for inertial systems and reference frames.- Introductory Remarks.- Concluding Remarks.- The Legacy of the Struves for the Establishment of an Inertial Coordinate System on the Sky.- Pulkovo Observatory's Status in 19th Century Positional Astronomy.- The Longest Geodetic ARC: Delisle, the Struves and Pulkovo Observatory.- Pulkovo Observatory and the National Observatory Movement: An Historical Overview.- The Past, Present and Future of Reference Systems For Astronomy and Geodesy.- The IAU Working Group on Reference Systems.- The Origin of Celestial Coordinates.- 2 Pulkovo today.- The Pulkovo Programme for the Study of Visual Double Stars.- On the Use of Statistical Parallaxes for the Proper Motion Reduction.- Absolute Determinations of Star Declinations from Pole to Pole.- On the Photographic Vertical Catalog.- On the Programme of Ground-Based Observations of Bright Selected Minor Planets for 1991-2000.- Complex Geodynamical Investigations in the Area of the USSR Academy of Sciences Central Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo.- Pulkovo Programme for the Photographic Observations of Satellites of Planets.- Confor: A New Program for Determining the Connection between Radio and Optical Reference Frames.- A Proposal for Astrometric Observations from Space.- On the Creation of a New Catalogue for USSR Time Service.- On ??? Systematic Errors of the FK5.- On the Organization of Absolute Coordinate Determination of the FK5 Stars.- The FK4 Orientation Parameters Derived from Photographic and VLBI Observations of Radio / Optical Objects.- Equator and Ecliptic FK5 Positions on the Basis of Sun and Planets Observations by the Ertel-Struve Vertical Circle at the Kislovodsk Mount Station.- The Nikolaev Axial Meridian Circle: The Present and Future Status.- On the Progress of the Construction of the Sukharev Meridian Automatic Horizontal Instrument (SMAHI).- Constructions of Astrometric Instrumentation at Pulkovo Observatory.- Positional Observations of Components of Triple Stars for the Hipparcos and HST Missions.- Problem of Using Lunar Positional Observations for Determination of Zero-Points of Fundamental Star Catalogues.- Density Function of the FK4 Systematic Errors.- On the Tie of Astrometric Radio Sources to the FK4 System with Zenith Telescope ZTL-180 Observations.- Circle Reading Device of the Meridian Instrument with a Self-Installed Zero-Point.- Modified Method of Krejnina-Murri for the Determination of Absolute Declination.- On the Definition of an "Inertial Coordinate System".- Contribution of Soviet-Bolivian Astronomical Observatory in the Construction of the Inertial Coordinate System.- The Problem of the Leveling of the Reserved Net of Arcs at the Celestial Sphere by the Construction of the Reference Coordinate System.- 3 Concepts, Definitions, Models.- The Celestial Reference System in Relativistic Framework.- General Relativistic Description of Celestial Reference Systems.- Relativistic Reference Frames of Local Observer and Space Radiointerferometer.- The Optimum Conventional Terrestrial System Determined by VLBI and SLR Stations.- The Celestial System of the International Earth Rotation Service.- A New Concept of Constructing an Accurate Coordinate System from Ground-Based Optical Observations.- Transformation of the Mean Place from FK4 to FK5.- The Computation of Mean Positions and Proper Motions.- Can We Dehne an Inertial Reference System?.- The Role of Observation with Horizontal Meridian Circle in China for Establishing an Inertial Frame.- On the Problem of the Development of Astronomical Refraction Methodology on the Basis of New Technology.- Determination of Refraction and Progress of Fundamental Astrometry.- Precision of Studies from Astrometric Observations: Recent Progress and Future Prospects.- Nutation Theory for a Non-Rigid Earth: Present Status and Future Prospects.- Proposals for an Improved Nutation Formula.- The Results of the Reconstruction of the Coefficients of the Nutation for the Rigid Earth Model and their Comparison with Numerical Integration.- The Determination of the Principal Nutation Terms from the Observations with ZTF-135 IN1948.7-1989.0.- Corrections to the IAU 1980 Nutation Series from LAGEOS Observations.- Oceanic Influences on the Angular Velocity of the Earth.- The Program Complex "Kiev-Geodynamic R1".- Current State of the Theory of Nutation.- The Study of the Structure of 142-Year Series of Pole Coordinates.- Determination of Nutation Based on Observations with the Pulkovo Polar Tube.- Can the Core-Mantle Boundary Topography Influence the Earth's Nutation?.- On the Calculation of Low Frequency Oscillations of the Earth's Core.- Mean Pole of the Moon's Rotational Axis and the General Selenocentric Coordinate System.- On the Astrometrical Methods.- Reference Surfaces and Global Figure Parameters of the Terrestrial Planetary Bodies.- Possible Contributions of Classical Astrometric Instrument to the Study of Geoscience and Requirements on Star Catalogues.- Dynamical Reference Frames in the Planetary and Earth-Moon Systems.- The Main Stages of the Construction of AE89- The Numerical Ephemerides of the Planets and the Moon.- Effect of the New Equinox Definition on the Zero-Point of Longitude of the Indian Calendar.- The Construction of a Frame of Homogeneous Accuracy Based on Space Observations.- High Accuracy Algorithms of Numerical Prediction of the Motion of Solar System Bodies.- On the Errors of the Ephemerides Derived from Optical Observations of Planets.- Differences between Dynamic and Stellar Reference Frames: Results Based on Astrometric Observations of Martian Satellites.- The Possibility to Link Radio and Optical Reference Frames with Artificial Satellites.- Ancient Chinese Astronomical Observations Related to the Stellar Background in the Sky.- Sidereal Years-Catalogue Uses in Archaeoastronomy.- Improved Method for Orbital Elements Differential Correction.- On the Lunar Secular Acceleration: A Possible Approach.- Fluctuations of the Earth's Rotation by Stellar Occultations.- Systematic Astrometric Errors in Pulsar Timing.- Pulsar Astrometry-Availabilities and Relativistic Aspects of a Pulsar Reference Frame.- Points: A Global Reference Frame Opportunity.- Relativistic Reduction of Astrometric Observations at Points Level of Accuracy.- Astrometric Interferometry- Can It Establish a Fundamental System?.- 4 Realization and comparison of reference frames.- The Definition and Stability of Local Inertial Reference Frames.- An Extragalactic Reference Frame from DSN VLBI Measurements - 1989.- Realization of an Inertial Reference Frame from Mark III VLBI.- A Progress Report on the Establishment of the Radio / Optical Reference Frame.- Corrections to the Luni-Solar Precession from Radio Positions of Extragalactic Objects.- Dedicated Soviet VLBI-Network "Quasar".- A New Approach to the Construction of a Compiled Catalogue of Positions of Extragalactic Radio Sources.- In-Orbit Status of the Hipparcos Astrometry Mission.- The Tycho Project On-Board the Hipparcos Satellite.- Hipparcos and Reference Systems.- A Strategy for Linking Hipparcos to an Extra-Galactic Reference Frame.- The Reference Frame Determined from the Observation of Minor Planets by Hipparcos.- On the Improvement of the System of Fundamental Catalogues Based on Asteroid Observations.- Expectations for Astrometry with the Hubble Space Telescope.- Space Astrometry and the HST Wide Field/Planetary Camera.- The Lomonosov Project for Space Astrometry.- Regatta-Astro Project: Astrometric Studies from Small Space Laboratory.- On the Role of Star Catalogues for Autonomous Space Navigation.- The USNO (Flagstaff Station) CCD Transit Telescope and Star Positions Measured from Extragalactic Sources.- The FK5: Present Status and Some Derived Results.- Celestial Coordinate System and the FK5 Catalogue.- Systematic Differences Instrument Minus FK5 in the Southern Hemisphere.- Effect of the FK5 - FK4 Catalogue Corrections for the Observations of the Photoelectric Astrolabe at Shanghai Obsservatory.- Differences in Changes of Borowiec Geographical Coordinates Caused by the Replacement of FK4 Catalogue by FK5.- Optical Reference Frame Defined by Carlsberg Meridian Catalogue La Palma Number 4.- First Results from the New Micrometer on the Carlsberg Automatic Meridian Circle.- The Construction of 4 Dense Astrometric Standard Areas with the Carlsberg Automatic Meridian Circle.- Proper Motions with Respect to the Extragalactic Reference Frame.- The Yale-San Juan Southern Proper Motion Program (SPM).- Correction to Absolute Proper Motion Using the IAS-Galaxy Model.- Physical Data of the Fundamental Stars.- Realization of the Local Inertial Geocentric Frame in Relativity.- The General Catalogue of Stellar Proper Motion with Respect to Galaxies with Astrophysic Supplement.- Faint Reference Stars.- Astrometry with the Tautenburg Schmidt Telescope.- Comparison of Astrometrical Accuracy of Big Schmidt Telescopes.- Determination of Absolute Proper Motions by Use of Automated Measurements of Tautenburg Plates.- Optical Astrometry of Extragalactic Radio Sources with the Tautenburg Schmidt Telescope.- CCD Parallaxes for Faint Southern High Proper Motion Stars.- A Comparison of the Accuracy of the Determination of Right Ascension by Means of Transit Instruments of Different Types.- Individual Star Catalogues of the Unified Time Service of Kharkov Scientific and Research Institute and Kharkov University Astronomical Observatory.- The Kharkov Right Ascension Catalog of Double Stars and High Luminosity Stars for the Declination Zone +30 Degrees to +90 Degrees.- The SRS Catalog of 20,488 Star Positions: Culmination of an International Cooperative Effort.- PPM: A Tool for Astronomers.- The System of the PPM Catalogue.- The Machine-Readable Durchmusterungen: Classical Catalogs in Contemporary Form.- The Second Cape Photographic Catalogue: CPC2.- An Astrometric Catalog of Four Million Stars.- A Comprehensive Astrometric Data Base: An Instrument for Combining Earth-Bound Observations with Hipparcos Data.- A Presentation of the Work Performed with the Belgrade Large Meridian Circle During the Period 1968-1988.- The Flagstaff Measuring Machine.- Current Status of the Project of Photographic Fourfold Coverage of the Northern Hemisphere of Sky.- Third Preliminary Catalogue of Stars Observed with the Photoelectric Astrolabe.- The Establishment of an Astrometric Standard Region in the NGP: Star Catalogue.- Research on the Errors in Determination of Precise Optical Positions of Radio Sources.- Torino Programme on Radiosources Astrometry: Progress Report.- Occultation of Radio Sources for the Linkage of Radio and Stellar Reference Frames.- Comparison of Optical and Radio Positions of Stars.- Comparison of Proper Motions of Stars from AGK3 and Special Compiled Catalogue in Regions with Galaxies.- An Advanced Astrometric Sensor Array.- Modernization of Chinese Photoelectric Astrolabes and Improvement of Optical Reference System.
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