Industry in England

Industry in England

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897 edition. Excerpt: prison, the total seems not to have exceeded four hundred.3 But the power of the Romish queen was less than her will, and she certainly lost both the confidence and affection of her people. Her treasury was exhausted, the nation financially ruined, and in the latter years of her reign famine and plague had added their miseries to other causes of suffering.4 Elizabeth 1 Froude, History, vi. 108. 2 lb. 3 Froude (quoting Burghley), History, vi. 102. Ib., vi. 109, and (famine), p. 29. came to the throne not only with the national purse empty, but with heavy debts owing to the Antwerp Jews,1 added to a terribly debased currency and a dangerous undercurrent of social discontent. It is to her credit as a sovereign that at her death danger from this last source had passed away.2 This was partly due to the growth of wealth and industry throughout the kingdom, to the great gains of our foreign trade, and to the rapid expansion of our manufactures. But pauperism was now a permanent evil, and legal measures had to be taken for its relief.3 One abiding cause of it was the persistent enclosures which still went on, together with the new developments in agriculture. Nevertheless, before the close of her reign the bulk of the people became contented and comfortable, owing to the prolonged peace which prevailed. The merchants and landed gentry,4 or at least the new owners of the soil, were rich; the farmers and master-manufacturers were prosperous; even the artisans and labourers were not hopelessly poor, especially among the upper working classes. But there was a greater tendency towards the modern conditions of continuous poverty among those less fortunately situated. 143. The Restoration of the Currency. There was, however, one great more

Product details

  • Paperback | 166 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 9mm | 308g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123688924X
  • 9781236889249