Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster

Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster : The Structure of Human Chaos

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The aims of this book are twofold: to improve understanding of the human experience of trauma, whether at the level of the individual or the community, and to help those who are its victims. The range of issues covered is impressive, from the biological basis of post-traumatic stress reactions, through practical strategies for prevention and treatment, to the psychosocial and fictional construction of terror. Wherever possible the editors have sought to impart understanding, order, and predictability to the experience of trauma and disasters in the belief that the way to recovery is through the mastery of chaotic events. This book will serve and inform clinicians, administrators and research workers in psychiatry, psychology, public health and related areas.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 440 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 25mm | 640g
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • Revised ed.
  • 48 Tables, unspecified; 17 Line drawings, unspecified
  • 0521556430
  • 9780521556439
  • 1,932,413

Back cover copy

Traumas and disasters throw lives into chaos and fill individuals with the terror of the unexpected and the fear of loss, injury and death. Trauma is always a catalyst for change and adjustment; for some it also becomes a life wound. A surprisingly high number of people are exposed to traumatic events each year. The effects of such events extend well beyond the direct victims to include their families, their communities, and those who try to help. All become part of the trauma and disaster community.
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Table of contents

Part I. Introduction: 1. Trauma and disaster R. J. Ursano, C . S. Fullerton and B. G. McCaughey; Part II. The Nature of Traumatic Stress: 2. The psychology of terror and its aftermath H. C. Holloway and C. S. Fullerton; 3. Exposure to traumatic death: the nature of the stressor R. J. Ursano and J. E. McCarroll; 4. Psychological and psychiatric aspects of technological disasters L. Weisaeth; 5. Traumatic effects of accidents U. F. Malt; 6.The human experience of earthquakes B. G. McCaughey, K. J. Hoffman and C. H. Llewellyn; 7. Psychological effects of toxic contamination B. L. Green, J. D . Lindy and M. C. Grace; Part III. The Role of Psychosocial Contaxt in Responses to Trauma and Disasters: 8. Social support and perceived control as moderators of responses to dioxin and flood exposure S. D. Solomon and E. M. Smith; 9. Debriefing following traumatic exposure A. Y. Shalev; 10. Relocation stress following natural disasters E. T. Gerrity and P. Steinglass; 11. Group reactions to trauma: an avalanche accident P. Herlofsen; 12. Community responses to disaster: the Gander plane crash K. M. Wright and P. T. Bartone; Part IV. Responses to Trauma Across the Life Cycle: 13. Children of war and children at war: child victims of terrorism in Mozambique J. A. Shaw and J. J. Harris; 14. Stress and coping with the trauma of war in the Persian Gulf: the hospital ship USNS Comfort M. P. Dinneen, R. J. Pentzien and J. M. Mateczun; 15. Long-term sequelae of combat in World War II, Korea and Vietnam: a comparative study R. Rosenheck and A. Fontana; 16. Psychophysiological aspects of chronic stress following trauma L. M. Davidson and A. Baum; 17. Individual and community reactions to the Kentucky floods: findings from a longitudinal study of older adults F. H. Norris, J. F. Phifer and K. Kaniasty; Conclusions; 18. The structure of human chaos R. J. Ursano, B. G. McCaughey and C .S. Fullerton.
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Review quote

'A sterling compilation of authors and researchers ... this book will establish a new gold medal standard for mental health responses to traumatic effects.' T. M. Keane, National Center for PTSD, Boston ' ... an invaluable and unique work bringing together for the first time systematic detailed accounts and experiences of workers involved in the aftermath of a variety of disasters ... a comprehensive work for disaster planners as well as those embarking on the next generation of research.' Martin Deahl, British Journal of Medical Psychology ' ... an extremely valuable resource for the novice in the field as well as a ready reference for the seasoned professional. It is an absolute must for anyone interested in the topic. If you work with victims of trauma and disaster, and buy only one book this year, this should be the one ...'. J. D. Baxendale, Journal of Truamatic Stress "This book provides a state of the art review of current knowledge about the immediate and intermediate psychological effects of man-made and natural disasters. It presents a thoughtful overview of the range of psychological reactions to a variety of disaster experiences, mediating variables, such as social support, and a critical evaluation of intervention techniques. It is both a handbook and a practical guide for clinicians, researchers, and forensic experts dealing with disaster and its aftermath." Bessel A. van der Kolk, M.D., Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital "...well-written and informative...impressively wide-ranging..." R.R. Cornelius, Choice "...By bridging social and medical sciences, Individual and Community Responses to Trauma and Disaster will appeal to a wide multidisciplinary readership, and it can be recommended as a valuable resource." Peter J. Baxter, British Medical Journal "There are many important messages in these well written contributions....Chapters concentrate on a wide range of disasters from natural ones such as floods or earthquakes through manmade ones such as Chernobyl to the experiences of people on board a Gulf War hospital ship. The picture is inexorably built up that the more a trauma is viewed by the victim as being deliberately caused, and the greater the physical suffering and threat of death, then the greater level of distress. There is always an interplay between the actual danger and the subjective interpretation of the threat that determines the level of stress." William Yule, Nature "For the nonspecialist, the book provides a solid introduction to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorders, In addition, it presents pragmatic suggestions on how one can help others cope with terror, physical injuries, overwhelming loss, and exposure to gruesome events. For the specialist, the book covers a wide range of related topics that is sure to broaden one's knowledge base...a valuable guide for clinicians working in the field of disaster...the book is highly recommended." Bruce Hiley-Young, Contemporary Psychology "...the book is excellent...tightly and evenly edited. The chapters are of uniformly high-quality scholarship. relevance, and readability...serves a broad readership." Brent Dennis, Families in Society " excellent work that makes a significant contribution to the field by improving understanding of the human experience of trauma at the individual and community levels. The range of issues covered is impressive....This is an extremely valuable resource for the novice in the field as well as a ready reference for the seasoned professional. It is an absolute must for anyone interested in the topic. If you work with victims of trauma and disaster, and buy only one book this year, this should be the one." James D. Baxendale, Journal of Traumatic Stress "...scholarly, wide-ranging, and timely....This volume provides detailed and practical information about a diverse group of traumatic circumstances....A reader looking for an excellent introduction to a specific type of traumatic event would surely find useful material here." Robert S. Pynoos and Alan M. Steinberg, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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