The Improvement Era Volume 25

The Improvement Era Volume 25

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1922 edition. Excerpt: better than another i-f it works better. Consequently, a custom or tradition that leads to such responses to stimuli, that is, to such behavior as will add to the life of the society, is better than a custom or tradition that leads to responses, and behavior, that weaken or injure the society. He is no more likely to think it clever, original or scholarly to assert that one kind of response is as good as another, regardless of the results on the life of the social organism, than the physiologist would be if such remarks were made regarding the behavior of the parts of an animal organism. Among the necessary forms of custom or tradition for those who are to live comfortably together in large numbers, are those which promote dependability, or cause us to respond in a calculable manner to the stimuli of experience. It is only thus that a civilization involving a great deal of mutual dependence can be maintained. I ' Our mutual dependence is of various sorts and degrees. If someone fails to do that which he is expected to do, he may imperil the lives of hundreds of his fellow men, as in the case of a switch tender or a locomotive engineer; he may occasion the loss of valuable property; or he may, as in the case of an unpunctual person, merely upset our calculations, and cause many of us to waste our time waiting for him or guessing what he is likely to do. In all these cases, in greater or less degree, the undependable person occasions loss to the nation. The time we waste on account o-f his lack of dependableness is as truly a loss as the property which is destroyed. Aside from the direct loss of time and property there is the greater loss which comes from the discouragement of enterprise, the lack of confidence, and the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 224 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 12mm | 408g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236852737
  • 9781236852731