The Impact of Railways on Victorian Cities

The Impact of Railways on Victorian Cities

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Description

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.show more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 156 x 234mm | 725g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 113886501X
  • 9781138865013

Table of contents

THE IMPACT OF RAILWAYS: J R KELLET Contents PLATES page xi PREFACE xv A NOTE ON ABBREVIATIONS xix A NOTE ON THE MAPS xxi I. Introduction and summary 1 1. INTRODUCTION 1 2. DELIMITATION OF SUBJECT 2 3. EARLY PROBLEMS OF RAILWAY ACCESS 4 4. TERMINALS IN THE 1840's 9 5. RAILWAY CONTRACTORS AND PROPERTY OWNERS IN THE 1860's 14 6. EFFECTS ON THE CENTRAL AND INNER DISTRICTS 15 7. INTER-CITY COMPARISONS 17 Part One: 'Natural Growth' in Urban Railways II. Did the Victorians count social costs? 25 1. INTRODUCTION 25 2. CRITERIA USED FOR EARLY IMPROVEMENT SCHEMES 33 3. ANALYSING COSTS AND BENEFITS IN THE 1840's 35 4. FURTHER DATA IN THE 1850's 44 5. THE METROPOLITAN CRISIS IN THE 1860's 49 6. MAJOR TOPICS RAISED IN THE LATER NINETEENTH CENTURY 52 7. CONCLUSIONS 57 III. Railway profits and the Victorian city 60 1. INTRODUCTION 60 2. THE CONSTRUCTIONAL PHASE 65 3. THE ORGANISATION AND CONTROL OF URBAN PROJECTS 72 4. THE EFFECTS OF CONSTRUCTION 79 5. OPERATIONAL POLICY 86 IV. Municipal authority and the railway companies 100 1. THE MACHINERY FOR RAILWAY REGULATION 100 2. THE INFLUENCE OF RAILWAY COMPANIES UPON MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES 107 Part Two: Case Histories V. Birmingham 125 1. THE PROPERTY OWNERSHIP PATTERN 125 2. CONDITIONS OF COMPETITION BETWEEN RAILWAY COMPANIES 134 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY FACILITIES: A CHRONOLOGICAL SKETCH 137 4. SUMMARY AND GENERAL CONSIDERATION 144 VI. Manchester 150 1. THE PROPERTY OWNERSHIP PATTERN 150 2. CONDITIONS OF COMPETITION BETWEEN RAILWAY COMPANIES 160 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY FACILITIES: A CHRONOLOGICAL SKETCH 164 4. SUMMARY AND GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 171 VII. Liverpool 175 1. THE PROPERTY OWNERSHIP PATTERN 175 2. CONDITIONS OF COMPETITION BETWEEN RAILWAY COMPANIES 188 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY FACILITIES: A CHRONOLOGICAL SKETCH 196 4. SUMMARY AND GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 202 VIII. Glasgow 208 1. THE PROPERTY OWNERSHIP PATTERN 208 2. CONDITIONS OF COMPETITION BETWEEN RAILWAY COMPANIES 220 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY FACILITIES: A CHRONOLOGICAL SKETCH 229 4. SUMMARY AND GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 236 IX. London 244 1. THE PROPERTY OWNERSHIP PATTERN 244 2. CONDITIONS OF COMPETITION BETWEEN RAILWAY COMPANIES 262 3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY FACILITIES: A CHRONOLOGICAL SKETCH 268 4. SUMMARY AND GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 278 Part Three: The Impact of Railways on Victorian Cities X. The railway as an agent of internal change in Victorian cities; the city centre 287 1. INTRODUCTION 287 2. RAILWAY LAND HUNGER AND THE VICTORIAN CITY 289 3. THE FUNCTION OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT, LAND VALUES, AND THE ARRIVAL OF THE RAILWAY 295 4. THE RAILWAYS' EFFECTS UPON TRAFFIC AND LAND USES 311 (a) Traffic 311 (b) Land uses adjacent to the central stations 318 (c) Demolition 324 XI. The railway as an agent of internal change in Victorian cities; the inner districts and the suburbs 337 1. PHYSICAL EFFECTS UPON THE INNER DISTRICTS OF THE CITY 337 2. RAILWAYS AND THE LOCATION OF INDUSTRY 346 3. RAILWAYS AND SUBURBAN GROWTH 354 (a) Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham 357 (b) London 365 The work journey 365 Early suburban travel and the growth of the outer suburbs 367 The expansion of daily suburban rail travel after 1860 371 The development of traffic in anticipation of demand 376 XII. Railways and the land market 383 1. RAILWAY SERVICES AND THE SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE SUBURBS 383 2. UNDERLYING CAUSES OF RAILWAY POLICY 388 3. APPORTIONING THE INCREMENTS IN LAND VALUES 400 4. DEMAND AND SUPPLY FACTORS IN THE URBAN LAND MARKET 405 (a) Demand 407 (b) Supply 412 5. CONCLUSION 419 APPENDICES 425 INDEX 439show more