Excerpt from An Illustrated Commentary on the Gospel According to St. John: For Family Use and Reference, and for the Great Body of Christian Workers of All Denominations
The Apostle John. The Apostle John was probably a native, certainly a resident, of Galilee. His mother, Salome, * early became a follower Of Jesus. She was probably one of the women of Galilee who accompanied him on his mission ary tours, and ministered to him of their sub stance.'r She was with him on his last journey to Jerusalem, and during the passion week, and was one of those women who were last at the cross and first at the sepulchre.1 Like the other followers of Jesus, She anticipated the establish ment of a temporal kingdom, was ambitions for her sons James and John, and made an applica tion for special favors for them when the king dom should be established. From a comparison of Matt.' 27 56 with John 19 25, it would appear that she was own sister to the Virgin Mary, in which case John was own cousin to Jesus. This Opinion is not accepted by all critics, but I believe it to be the correct one. See note on John 19 25. John's father, Zebe dee, was a well-to-do fisherman on the shores of the sea of Galilee. Of him we know very little. He was sufficiently prosperous to own several boats and to hire men to work for him. Tradi tion makes him Of noble birth; and this tradition is perhaps confirmed by the fact that John had some acquaintance with the high-priest.
John has been characterized by these critics who wish to make out that his character is in consistent with the idea Oi his authorship of the Fourth Gospel, as ignorant and unlettered, on the authority of Acts 4 13, and as a vehement and bigoted Jew on the authority of Galatians, chap. II, and of the peculiar Hebraic tone of the Book of Revelation. Both characterizations are quite gratuitous assumptions. In connection with every Jewish synagogue was a parochial school, in which the pupils were taught reading, writ ing, and the rudiments of such natural sciences as were then in existence. The Jewish children of the common people were far better educated than those of Greece or Rome. There is every reason to believe that John received this com mon education of the age and community in Which he lived, and there is absolutely no reason whatever to suppose the contrary. It was only by the Pharisees that John was considered as ignorant and unlettered, and they affixed the same stigma upon Jesus himself. To the Phar isees the only learning worth the name was learning in the traditional lore of the church.
About the Publisher
Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com
This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.show more