Hydrographical Surveying; A Description of Means and Methods Employed in Constructing Marine Charts

Hydrographical Surveying; A Description of Means and Methods Employed in Constructing Marine Charts

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1882 edition. Excerpt: ...time after it, and adding a certain correction to each altitude to make it equal to the meridian altitude, and thus get a mean meridian altitude, which, if we can calculate the correction exactly, will be of much more value than actual observation on the meridian only. There remain the other errors, some of which may be directly allowed for, but only approximately; others cannot be corrected at all, and the latitude resulting from observations of a single body, as e.g. the sun, will be therefore always more or less in error. The only way satisfactorily to clear these errors is to ob-Pairs of serve stars, in pairs, of as equal altitude as can be found, one 8tTMi north, and one south, of the zenith. These errors will then act in opposite directions, as everything tending to increase or diminish the altitude on one side of the zenith, will act similarly on the other; but, in working out the latitude, the resulting error will increase the latitude in one case, and decrease it in the other, so that the mean of the latitudes obtained by each star of such a pair will approximate very closely to the correct one. To eliminate the artificial horizon roof error when observing pairs of stars, the roof must always be in the same position with respect to the observer, and therefore must be reversed when changing from face north to face south, and vice versd. If observing a single object, as the sun, the roof must be reversed when halfway through the observation. The use of a sextant stand, when once the observer has got Sextant thoroughly accustomed to it, is an immense assistance to good 8tftndobservations, as the images of the stars, instead of quavering and shaking with every slight motion of the hand of the observer, remain perfectly still, and can be made...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 106 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 204g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123658774X
  • 9781236587749