Human Spirit, Volume II

Human Spirit, Volume II

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For a one or two-quarter/semester survey course. This innovative two-volume primary source reader is designed to give students an opportunity to evaluate and interact-through both discussion and writing-with some of the greatest ideas and creative expressions of humanity. Chronological in format-with individual units focused on time periods, specific events, and historical questions, it is internally organized around six major themes-The Institution and the Individual; Social and Spiritual Values; The Power Structure; Revolution and Transition; The Varieties of Truth; and Women in History and the Humanities. Throughout the volumes, students are confronted with basic questions regarding historical development, human nature, moral action, and practical necessity.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 408 pages
  • 205.2 x 250.4 x 15.7mm | 716.69g
  • Prentice-Hall
  • Harlow, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0130480533
  • 9780130480538

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This innovative two-volume primary source reader offers students an opportunity to evaluate and interact - through both discussion and writing - with some of the greatest ideas and creative expressions of humanity. Chronological in format, with individual units focused on time periods, specific events, and historical questions, The Human Spirit features six major themes: The Institution and the Individual; Social and Spiritual Values; The Power Structure; Revolution and Transition; The Varieties of Truth; and Women in History and the Humanities. Throughout these volumes, students are confronted with basic questions regarding historical development, human nature, moral action, and practical necessity.

Chronological format with 7 self-contained chapters in each volume with a strong focus on interrelationships and cultural interaction. Diverse interdisciplinary range of primary sources which, include works of art and architecture, excerpts from drama and literature, speeches, letters, diary accounts, poems, newspaper articles, philosophical tracts, and propaganda flyers. Relevant problem orientation: Questions that confront students with problems that human beings have struggled with for centuries but that still have meaning for their own lives in today's world. Boxed integrative features in each chapter: The Artistic Vision, Against the Grain, The Architectural Foundation, The Cultural Intersection and The Reflection in the Mirror.
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Table of contents

Volume II: I. FOUNDATIONS OF THE MODERN WORLD (1600-1800). 1. The Baroque Age (1600-1715). The Scientific Revolution. The Heliocentric Statement (ca. 1520), Nicholaus Copernicus. On the Movement of the Earth (1543), Nicholaus Copernicus. The Reflection in the Mirror: Galileo and the Inquisition. Science and the Bible. The Advancement of Learning (1605), Sir Francis Bacon. "I Think, Therefore I Am": Discourse on Method (1637), Rene Descartes. Against the Grain: The Circulation of the Blood. "A Motion, As It Were, In a Circle!," William Harvey. "I Am the State": The Theory and Practice of Absolute Rule. "Kings Are Justly Called Gods," (1610), King James I. "The Mortal God": Leviathan, (1651), Thomas Hobbes. The Ideal Absolute State (1697), Jean Domat. The Sun King: "Vanity Was His Ruin," The Duke of Saint-Simon. "The Palace of Versailles: "A Celebration of Greatness," Jean Colbert. Visible Majesty, King Louis XIV. The Artistic Style: The Baroque Moment. "Judith Slaying Holofernes" (1612-1621), Artemisia Gentileschi. "Ecstasy of Saint Theresa" (1644-1652), Gianlorenzo Bernini. The Artistic Vision: Jan Vermeer and the Quiet Baroque. "Woman Holding a Balance" (1664) / "Kitchen Maid" (1656-1661). The Literature of the Age. Sonnet Selections, John Donne. The Misanthrope/Tartuffe, Moliere. Paradise Lost, John Milton. 2. Enlightenment and Revolution (1715-1800). The Enlightenment. Thoughts on God and the Human Condition. The Blank Slate of the Mind: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), John Locke. What Is Enlightenment? (1784), Immanuel Kant. On Universal Toleration, Voltaire. "If God Did Not Exist, He Would Have to Be Invented," Voltaire. The Encyclopedia: "We Did Not Live Entirely in Vain" (1764), Denis Diderot. Thoughts on Government. Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690), John Locke. The Social Contract (1762), Jean Jacques Rousseau. The Reflection in the Mirror: The African Slave Trade. The Middle Passage and Auction (1756), Olauda Equiano. Thoughts on Women. Woman: "Especially Constituted to Please Man," Jean Jacques Rousseau. A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), Mary Wollstonecraft. The Indispensable Woman: A Salon in Paris. Literature in the Age of Reason. Essay on Man, Alexander Pope. A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift. Candide, Voltaire. The Architectural Foundation. The Pantheon, Soufflet. The French Revolution (1789-1798). The Domestic Crisis. Women of the Third Estate (January 1789). The Fall of the Bastille (July 14, 1789). Declaration of the Rights of Man (August 27, 1789). Reflections on the Revolution (1790), Edmund Burke. Against the Grain: Women and the Revolution. Reality Check: An Update on the Political Rights of Women (1793). The Reign of Terror. "You Would Exterminate All Your Enemies by the Guillotine!" (December 20, 1793), Camille Desmoulins. "Virtue and Terror": Speech to the Convention (February 5, 1794), Maximilien Robespierre. The Execution of Robespierre (July 28, 1794), Durand De Maillaine. The Artistic Vision: Jacques Louis David and the Neoclassical Ideal. "Oath of the Horatii" & "Death of Marat," Jacques Louis David. II. NEW HORIZONS (1750-1914). 3. The Birth of the Modern: Nationalism and Romanticism (1750-1830). The Nationalist Vision. The Napoleonic Era (1798-1815). On the Realities of Power (1796), Napoleon Bonaparte. Why the French Submitted to Napoleon's Rule (1804), Comtesse De Remusat. The Architectural Foundation. The Arch of Triumph (1806-1836). "We Stand as Martyrs to an Immortal Cause!" (1815), Napoleon Bonaparte. Ode to Napoleon Bonaparte, Lord Byron. "The Third of May, 1808," Francisco Goya. Zeitgeist: The Role of Great Men in History, G.W. F. Hegel. Volksgeist: The Spirit of the People. The Duties of Man, Guiseppe Mazzini. The People and the Fatherland (1807-1808), Johann Gottlieb Fichte. The Brothers Grimm. "Liberty Leading the People" (1830), Eugene Delacroix. The Reflection in the Mirror: Ode to Joy: Beethoven's Ninth Symphony. "All Men Become Brothers," Friedrich Schiller. The Romantic Movement (1765-1830). The Evocation of Nature. Tinturn Abbey: "The Language of the Sense," William Wordsworth. Ode to the West Wind (1820), Percy Bysshe Shelley. To Autumn (1826), John Keats. Emotion and the Exotic. Kubla Khan (1797), Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Prometheus (1816), Lord Byron. Ozymandias (1817), Percy Bysshe Shelley. "Algerian Women in Their Harem" (1834), Eugene Delacroix. "The Raft of the Medusa" (1818), Theodore Gericault. Against the Grain: The Visions of William Blake. The Tyger/New Jerusalem. "Newton" (1795). "The Great Red Dragon" (1805-1810). Terror and the Macabre. Faust: "Into Witchery and Dreams ...," Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe. The Erlking, Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe. "Saturn Devouring One of His Sons" (1819-1823), Francisco Goya. Frankenstein (1818), Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. "Cloister Graveyard Under Snow" (1819), Kasper David Friedrich. Symphonie Fantastique, Hector Berlioz. 4. Changing Dimensions: Social Conflict and Realism (1830-1870). The Industrial Revolution. Sybil (1845), Benjamin Disraeli. Hard Times, Charles Dickens. The Cultural Intersection: China: 1865. "Why Are Western Nations Small Yet Strong?," Feng Guiffen. The Condition of the Working Class in England (1844), Friderich Engels. "Over London By Rail," Gustav Dore. The Impact of the Factory System on Women and the Family, Friedrich Engels. "Workers of the World Unite!" The Communist Manifesto (1848), Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The Artistic Vision: The Social Perspective by Train. "Over London By Rail," Gustave Dore. "Gare Saint-Lazare" (1877), Claude Monet. The Bourgeoisie. A Middle-Class Perspective (1859), Samuel Smiles. Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert. Fathers and Sons, Ivan Turgenev. The Architectural Foundation. The Crystal Palace (1851). Poetic Vision and Literary Perspective. Poetry Selections, Emily Dickenson. Poetry Selections, Walt Whitman. Notes from the Underground, Fyodor Dostoevsky. The Reflection in the Mirror. The Descent of Man (1871), Charles Darwin. 5. The Belle Epoque (1870-1914). "Send Forth the Best Ye Breed": The Justification for Imperialism. Racism and the Corruption of Science. "A Natural Inclination to Submit to a Higher Authority" (1893), Sir Frederick Dealtry Lugard. The Standpoint of Science (1900), Karl Pearson. For God and Country. American Imperialism in the Philippines (1900), Albert J. Beveridge. The White Man's Burden (1899), Rudyard Kipling. The Battle Hymn of the Republic (Brought Down to Date), Mark Twain. The Artistic Moment. The Impressionist Movement. "Impression Sunrise" (1872), Claude Monet. "Cathedral of Rouen" (1874), Claude Monet. "Dialogue Between the Wind and the Sea": La Mer, Claude Debussy. "Balzac," Auguste Rodin. "The Starry Night," Vincent Van Gough. The Artistic Vision: The False Perspective of Eduardo Manet "Mont Sainte-Victoire" (1902-1904), Paul Cezanne. "Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte" (1884-1886), Georges Seurat. The Musical Scene: "A Symphony Should Be Like the World." Symphony #1 "Titan" (1893), Gustav Mahler. Salome (1905), Richard Strauss. The Rite of Spring (1913), Igor Stravinsky. The Architectural Foundation. The Eiffel Tower (1899). Fin de Siecle. Anti-Feminism and the Women's Movement. Against Woman Suffrage (1884), Francis Parkman. "The Brain Weight of Women is Five Ounces Less Than That of Men" (1887), George Romanes. A Doll's House (1879), Henrik Ibsen. The Story of an Hour (1894), Kate Chopin. "I Incite This Meeting to Rebellion" (1912), Emmeline Pankhurst. The Revolt Against Reason. The Grand Inquisitor (1880), Fyodor Dostoevsky. "Two Men at a Table (To Dostoevsky)" (1912), Erich Heckel. The Bet, Anton Chekov. Faith, Love, and Hope: "Enough! Enough!" (1887), Friderich Nietzsche. "God Is Dead!," Friedrich Nietzsche. "A Warlike Age is Now Starting!," Friedrich Nietzsche. The Celebration of War. "Without War, No State Could Exist," Heinrich Von Treitschke. The Reflection in the Mirror: The Insular World of Edvard Munch. "The Scream" (1893) / "Angst" (1894). Germany's Place in the Sun (1901), Kaiser Wilhelm II. "The Sword is Drawn!" (August 18, 1914), Kaiser Wilhelm II. Against the Grain: Mark Twain: The War Prayer. "Oh Lord, Help Us to Tear Their Soldiers to Bloody Shreds With Our Shells." III. THE AGE OF ANXIETY (1914-2000). 6. "The Abyss Also Looks Into You": The West in Crisis (1914-1945). The Light That Failed: The Legacy of the Great War. "The Lost Generation." A German War Letter: "One Blood-Soaked, Corpse-Strewn Field." Dulce et Decorum Est, Wilfred Owen. A German Soldier Returns Home: "A Complete Stranger," Anna Eisenmenger. The Second Coming (1920), W.B. Yeates. The Hollow Men (1925), T.S. Eliot. The Dream World. The Trial, Franz Kafka. "If You Want to Endure Life-Prepare for Death," Sigmund Freud. On Human Nature (1930), Sigmund Freud. The Artistic Vision: Dadism and Surrealism. Art Piece, Marcel Duchamp. Persistence of Memory, Salvadore Dali. The Modernist Vision. The Love Song of J. Alfred Profoock (1915), T.S. Eliot. Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad. Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, Gertrude Stein. A Room of One's Own (1929), Virginia Woolf. The Jazz Age and the Harlem Renaissance. Jazz Age Stories, F. Scott Fitzgerald. Shine Perishing Republic (1924), Robinson Jeffers. The Negro Speaks of Rivers (1921), Langston Hughes. Yet Do I Marvel (1924-1925), Countee Cullen. "The Deep Vibrations of His Witching Song": The Fascist Movement. The Doctrine of Fascism: "This Will Be the Century of the State," Benito Mussolini. "I Resolved Now to Become a Politician," Adolf Hitler. Nazi Political Rally Announcement (February 1921), National Socialist German Workers' Party. "Now I Know Which Road to Take," Joseph Goebbels. "I Had Given Him My Heart," Kurt Ludecke. "The Craftsmen of Culture": The Arts in Service to the State. The Soviet Control of Society. "For the Fatherland!" (1936), Pravda. Literature and the Soviet Ideal (1934), Maxim Gorky. Our Country: "A Dream Come True" (1937), A. Stetsky. The Cultural Intersection: China: 1966. Political Culture and Art, Mao Zedong. "Brother, Can You Spare A Dime?": The Great Depression and the New Deal. "The Only Thing to Fear Is Fear Itself," Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Photos and Arts Administration Literature. Against the Grain: A Political Message from Pablo Picasso. "Guernica" (1937), Pablo Picasso. "I Am Become Death": Two Holocausts. Genocide, Rudolf Hoss. The Crimes of the Nazi Regime, Justice Robert H. Jackson. The Destruction of the European Jews, Raul Hilberg. The Destruction of Hiroshima, Harry S. Truman. The Reflection in the Mirror: A Portrait of Albert Einstein. "As Long As There Will Be Man, There Will Be Wars" (1947), Phillippe Halsman. 7. The Individual Apart: The Abstract World and the Post-Modern Era. The Cold War (1945-1990). The "Superpower" Rivalry. The Soviet Victory: Capitalism Versus Communism (February 1946), Joseph Stalin. An Assessment of Communism (1953), Theodore White. How to Spot a Communist (1955). The Reflection in the Mirror: The Orwellian World of 1984. "Power Is in Tearing Human Minds to Pieces," George Orwell. The Insular World. Liberation and Isolation. The Humanism of Existentialism (1945), Jean-Paul Sartre. The Responsibility of the Individual (1956), Jean-Paul Sartre. The Artistic Vision: The Lonely City of Edward Hopper. "Nighthawks" (1947) / "Office in a Small City" (1953), Edward Hopper. Invisible Man (1955), Ralph Ellison. A Day In the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), Alexander Solzhenitsyn. "Freedom of Thought Is the Only Guarantee" (1974), Andrei Sakharov. Against the Grain: Abstract Expressionism. Number 1 (1948), Jackson Pollock. The Birth of the Cool: Jazz and the Beats. On the Road, Jack Kerouac. Howl, Alan Ginsburg. After Midnight: Bop With Dizzie and Monk. The Activist World. The Women's Movement in the Modern Age. The Second Sex, Simone De Bouvoir. The Feminine Mystique (1963), Betty Friedan. "If Men Could Menstruate" (1978), Gloria Steinem. Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women (1991), Susan Faludi. Social Justice. Theme for English B/Harlem (1951), Langston Hughes. Stranger In the Village (1953), James Baldwin. Letter from Birmingham Jail (1963), Martin Luther King. Jr. The Cultural Intersection: South Africa: 1962. "Black Man in a White Court," Nelson Mandela. "Saved," Malcom X and Alex Haley. The Pool Players Seven at the Golden Shovel, Gwendolyn Brooks. The Post-Modernist Fusion (1970-2000). Culture Clash: "Everyday Use," Alice Walker. Poetry Selections, Nikki Giovanni. Pop Art: "Mick Jagger" (1972), Andy Warhol. "Cabin Fever," Susan Rothenberg.
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Review quote

"Questions, exercises, quotes at the beginning of chapters - all are outstanding. They often depict the clashing of ideas; they are fearless." - Michael Berberich, Galveston College "I would describe this text as an Outstanding Humanities textbook with wonderful readings." - Clifford D. Herron, Okaloosa-Walton Community College "The author's goals for the volumes are mature and ambitious. They reflect a traditional approach much like the "Great Books" and the "Harvard Classics." - Charles Caroll, Lake City Community College "Overall, it provides an excellent set of themes that provides an excellent platform to read, think, discuss, and write about the many varieties of human nature and events." - Cortlandt Bellavance, Atlantic Cape Community College "This is an ideal text for interdisciplinary humanities since it brings under one roof philosophy, fine arts, architecture, and literature and lets these disciplines play off each other as they did in their own time period." - Barbara Kramer, Santa Fe Community College
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