Human Judgment and Social Policy

Human Judgment and Social Policy : Irreducible Uncertainty, Inevitable Error, Unavoidable Injustice

4.12 (8 ratings by Goodreads)
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Description

This book introduces a new topic; a critical researched-based analysis of the role of human judgment in social policy formation. It applies what has been learned from research on human judgment to specific examples - from the Challenger disaster to present-day debates on health care. Human judgment can be a source of both hope and fear in the creation of social policy. Yet this important process has rarely been examined because research on human judgment has been scarce. Now, however, the results of 50 years of empirical work offer an unprecedented opportunity to examine human judgment and the basis of our hopes and fears. Numerous examples from law, medicine, engineering, and economics are used throughout to demonstrate these and other features of human judgment in action.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 448 pages
  • 163.6 x 241.3 x 34.8mm | 885.81g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New.
  • halftones, line drawings
  • 0195097343
  • 9780195097344

Review quote

"Hammond magnificently reviews the history and major controversies in studies of cognition and decision making. Using examples from public policy, medicine, law, and engineering, he illustrates tensions between analysis and intuition, and correspondence versus coherence models of truth. . . . Clearly a contribution to cognitive science. . ."--Choiceshow more

Back cover copy

From Dramatic courtroom confrontations to international peace-making missions, the critical role of human judgment - complete with its failures, flaws, and successes - has never been more hotly debated and analyzed than it is today. This landmark work examines the dynamics of judgment and its impact on events which require the direction and control of social policy. Drawing on 50 years of empirical research in judgment and decision making, Hammond examines the possibilities for wisdom and cognitive competence in the formation of social policies, and applies these lessons to specific examples, such as the space shuttle Challenger disaster and the health care debate. Uncertainty, he tells us, can seldom be fully eliminated; thus error is inevitable, and injustice for some unavoidable. But the capacity for making wise judgments increases to the extent that we understand the potential pitfalls and their origin. With numerous examples from law, medicine, engineering, and economics, the author presents a comprehensive examination of the underlying dynamics of judgment, dramatizing its important role in the formation of social policies which affect us all.show more

Table of contents

PART I: RIVALRY ; PART II: TENSION ; PART III: COMPROMISE ; PART IV: POSSIBILITIESshow more

Rating details

8 ratings
4.12 out of 5 stars
5 50% (4)
4 12% (1)
3 38% (3)
2 0% (0)
1 0% (0)
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