Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic

Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic : A Collaborative Model of Humans and Nature Through Space and Time

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Description

In Human Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic: A Collaborative Model of Humans and Nature through Space and Time, Ramona Harrison and Ruth A. Maher have compiled a series of separate research projects conducted across the North Atlantic region that each contribute greatly to anthropological archaeology. This book assembles a regional model through which the reader is presented with a vivid and detailed image of the climatic events and cultures which have occupied these seas and lands for roughly a 5000-year period. It provides a model of adaptability, resilience, and sustainability that can be applied globally. First, visiting the Northern Isles of Scotland in the Orkney Islands, the reader is taken through the archaeology from the Neolithic Period through World War II in the face of sea-level rise and rapidly eroding coastlines. The Shetland Islands then reveal a deep-time study of one large-scale Iron Age excavation. On to the northern coasts of Norway, where information about late medieval maritime peoples is explained. Iceland explores human-environment interaction and implications of climate change presented from the Viking Age through the Early Modern Era. Rounding out the North Atlantic Region is Greenland, which sheds light on the Norse in the late Viking Age and the Middle Ages.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 252 pages
  • 154 x 230 x 22mm | 519.99g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 40 black & white illustrations
  • 0739185470
  • 9780739185476

Review quote

A human force of nature. Spanning the North Atlantic from the Viking Iron Age to the nineteenth century, the authors navigate a two-way street of interaction between humans and their environment that highlights both the successes and missteps along the way. -- Christyann Darwent, editor of Arctic Anthropology A remarkable demonstration of the value of close collaboration in interdisciplinary thinking. The human ecodynamics approach of the authors brings together archaeologists, environmental historians, and paleoecologists to provide new theoretical insights and solid scientific evidence to make real-world decisions. As the evidence of the potential threat of climate change continues to accumulate, the authors of this volume take a comprehensive approach to understanding past societies in the North Atlantic region and their relationship to the landscapes and seascapes surrounding them. They ask the question, what can we learn from the past? Being at the climatic extreme of human settlement and a region hyper-sensitive to variations in climate, the experiences and responses of these people may prove to be the 'canary in the coal mine' for all of us interested in how to best face climate change in the future. -- Charles Redman, Arizona State Universityshow more

About Ruth Ann Maher

Ramona Harrison is associate professor at the University of Bergen, Norway and research associate at Hunter College, CUNY. Ruth A. Maher is HSS research coordinator and adjunct professor of archaeology at William Paterson University.show more

Table of contents

Table of Contents Preface List of Figures and Tables 1. Humans: A Force of Nature Ruth A. Maher and Ramona Harrison 2. Shaped by the Sea: the Archaeology of Orkney's Maritime Communities Julie Gibson 3. The Prehistoric Village Old Scatness: A Research Study in Longevity, Ecodynamics and Interactions Stephen J. Dockrill and Julie M. Bond 4. Coupled Human and Natural Systems: a New Perspective on Early Fishing and Fishing Cultures of Northern Norway Colin Amundsen 5. Land of the Dead: Human Ecodynamics of Ritual and Belief in Viking Period Iceland Ruth A. Maher 6. Material Culture and North Atlantic Trade in Iceland and Greenland Aaron Kendall 7. Connecting the Land to the Sea at Gasir: International Exchange and Long-Term Eyjafjordur Ecodynamics in Medieval Iceland Ramona Harrison 8. Losing Sleep Counting Sheep: Early Modern Dynamics of Hazardous Husbandry in Myvatn, Iceland Megan Hicks 9. Sorting Sheep & Goats in Medieval Iceland and Greenland: Local Subsistence, Climate Change or World System Impacts? Thomas H. McGovern, Ramona Harrison, Konrad Smiarowski 10. Climate-Related Farm-to-Shieling Transition at E74 Qorlortorsuaq in Norse Greenland Konrad Smiarowski 11. Landscape legacies of Landnam in Iceland: What has happened to the environment as a result of settlement, why did it happen and what have been some of the consequences Andrew J. Dugmore, Thomas H. McGovern and Richard Streeter 12. North Atlantic Human Ecodynamics Research: Looking forwards from the past Thomas H. McGovern Index About the Authorsshow more