Excerpt from History for Ready Reference, From the Best Historians, Biographers, and Specialists, Vol. 7 of 7: Their Own Words in a Complete System of History; Recent History (1901 to 1910), A to Z
IN the preface to the Sixth Volume of this work. Published in the spring of 1901, it was remarked that the last half-dozen years of the Nineteenth Century. Which that volume covered. Had been filled with events so remarkable and changes so rev olutionary in political and social conditions that many people had asked for an ex tension of my work to report them. The years then reviewed disclosed only the beginnings of what the decade since has been developing, in movements and achieve ments so varied. So numerous, in such rapid succession. With effects so profound and so problematical. That their appeal to our interest seems the strongest that has come to us yet from human history. That the interest in them justifies this further ex tension of my compilation of recent history has been made clear to me by the frequency of the suggestions of another volume which have come to the publisher and to myself. In the new volume I have striven to make a clear exhibit of all these strangely pregnant evolutionary and revolutionary movements of the present time, which are traversing all divisions and institutions of all society. Occidental and oriental. Along all the lines of its organization, international. National. Muni. Cipnl. Political, industrial. Intellectual. Moral. Leaving nothing in life untouched.
A few indications of the subjects dealt with most extensively in the volume may convey some idea of its scope. And of the aims pursued in its preparation. For ex ample: Railways and Combinations Trusts treated mainly as the sub jects of regulative governmental action, occupy 38 pages in all. Labor Organize. Tion fills 25 pages with the incidents of its trade unions, 'a' 'r parties, strikes. Mediations. Arbitrations and industrial agreements. Labor Action receives 6 pages. For the account of what has been done in various countrie. In the matters of employers' liability, industrial insurance. Hours of work, etc. Labor Remunera tion receives 9 pages. For the reporting of experiments in coiiperation, prodi shariug. Wages-regulation, pensions, etc. Various dealings with the problems of Poverty and Unemployment are set forth in 8 pages; similarly the problems of 'crime and Criminology receive nearly 6; those of the Liquor Traffic 9; those of the Opium evil, 8. The development of organized work for Social Betterment is traced in 5 pages that of reform in Municipal Government in 12. The Race Problems, which are troubling many countries and people. Are depicted in 15 pages. Twenty-six pages are given to the Educational history of the last decade; recent Science and Invention are reported in 16. Children under the Law are he subject of 8 interesting pages on recent legislation touching the young.
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