History of Upper and Lower Canada

History of Upper and Lower Canada

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1836 edition. Excerpt: ...sandstone, sienite trap, and marble occur as detached rocks in the same extensive region. Montreal mountain is of the trap family, accompanied by limestone. The ridge of rocky country running N.E. and S.W. through the Newcastle and Midland districts towards Ottawa, at a distance of from 50 to 100 miles from the north shore of Lake Ontario, andthe course of the St. Lawrence, is rich in silver, lead, copper and iron. The rocks composing the hills on the north shore of the Saguenay river are In some places so strongly impregnated.with iron, as to render the compass extremely deceptive fr0m its frequent variations. ' Among the mountains to the N. W. of the St Lawrence, have been obtained iron felspar, hornblende, native iron ore, granite, (white, grey and red) and a kind of stone very common in Canada, called Limestone Granite, it being limestone that calcines to powder, yet by fracture apparently granite: marble is in abundance and plumbago of the finest quality. The iron mines of St. Maurice have long been celebrated, and the metal prepared with wood is considered equal if not superior to Swedish. There is no doubt that Canada is rich in copper, lead, tin and other mineral productions. The beautiful spar, peculiar to Labrador, whence it derives its name, has long been celebrated; some specimens are of an ultra marine, or brilliant sky-blue colour--others of a greenish yellow---of a red--and of a fine pearly grey tint. Marble of excellent quality and of different hues, white, green and variegated, is found in several parts of the country; and limestone, so useful to the agriculturist, almost everywhere abounds. ' The quantity of good soil in Canada, compared with the extent of country, is equal to that of any part of the globe; and there yet...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 80 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 159g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236753925
  • 9781236753922