History of the United States of America; Under the Constitution [1783-1865]. Volume 6

History of the United States of America; Under the Constitution [1783-1865]. Volume 6

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1899 edition. Excerpt: ... lived often for days upon corn meal alone, or stews of rank bacon and mouldy biscuit; and bad transportation furnished a not unfrequent excuse for a poor commissary. Indeed, the Confederate ration was far inferior to that on the Union side, as actually provided.1 In ordnance and projectiles progress was constant on the Union side as this conflict deepened. When Fort Sumter fell, there was not in the Federal service a single rifled cannon; but by orders issued early smooth-bores were changed to conform to that desired pattern. Among inventors who had already applied to cannon the rifling principle was Captain Parrott of the West Point foundry, whose new gun and projectile combined great strength with simplicity.2 Rodman, Dahlgren, and Parrott guns proved highly useful for siege or naval purposes; but those of the largest caliber were liable to burst. Steel hardened by the Knipp or Bessemer process was the favorite metal employed for such manufacture. Armstrong and Whitworth guns were much in demand, the former a 70-pounder, breech-loading and rifled. One effect of the increased force in heavy missiles was to change opinion as to fortifying work. The solid masonry of Sumter crumbled into dust under the concentrated fire of these rifled guns; while well-shaped earthworks like McAllister stood bombardment well.3 The "cotton bale rampart" of Andrew Jackson, which some have thought a myth, was a certain success in 1863.4 Torpedoes, as a harbor defence, were ingeniously applied in these years as never before; yet few of them exploded at the right moment, and the war, on the whole, left this topic, with that of revolving turrets, for further study and experiment. 1 De Leon, 281. "To be strong, healthy, and capable of the largest measure...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 224 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 12mm | 408g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236550803
  • 9781236550804