The History of the United States Volume . 1

The History of the United States Volume . 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ...in America and elsewhere." It examined the royal instructions intended to be sent to the governors and recommended alterations where changes seemed desirable; to it colonial governors made regular reports; it recommended to the Crown suitable persons for appointment as governors or councilors; made an annual report of the condition of the colonies; and exercised general supervision over colonial administration. The powers of the royal governors were embodied in their commissions and the instructions which were issued to them from time to time, or were drawn by implication from the vice-regal character of the governor's position. Besides the powers expressly conferred by the commission or letter of instructions, they inherited various traditions of the royal prerogative, such, for example, as the custom of approving the choice of the speaker by the assembly, which was not always a mere formality as in England, administering oaths of allegiance, and other similar functions. As the military representative of the king the governor commanded the local militia, conducted campaigns against the Indians, constructed fortifications, declared martial law, and, as viceadmiral, had the right to grant letters of marque and reprisal and erect admiralty courts. The power of the Crown in matters of executive clemency naturally passed to his representative in the colonies, and so we find that as a general rule the governor could grant pardons to offenders, except in cases of treason or impeachment and sometimes of murder. Included under this head also was the power to remit fines and forfeitures. In the relations of the colony with the Indian tribes, as well as the relation of one colony to another, the governor was the representative of the Crown. In...show more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 195g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236981510
  • 9781236981516