History of Strength of Materials

History of Strength of Materials

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Strength of materials is that branch of engineering concerned with the deformation and disruption of solids when forces "other" than changes in position or equilibrium are acting upon them. The development of our understanding of the strength of materials has enabled engineers to establish the forces which can safely be imposed on structure or components, or to choose materials appropriate to the necessary dimensions of structures and components which have to withstand given loads without suffering effects deleterious to their proper functioning. This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials with many references to the theories of elasticity and structures is based on an extensive series of lectures delivered by the author at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Timoshenko explores the early roots of the discipline from the great monuments and pyramids of ancient Egypt through the temples, roads, and fortifications of ancient Greece and Rome. The author fixes the formal beginning of the modern science of the strength of materials with the publications of Galileo's book, "Two Sciences," and traces the rise and development as well as industrial and commercial applications of the fledgling science from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century. Timoshenko fleshes out the bare bones of mathematical theory with lucid demonstrations of important equations and brief biographies of highly influential mathematicians, including: Euler, Lagrange, Navier, Thomas Young, Saint-Venant, Franz Neumann, Maxwell, Kelvin, Rayleigh, Klein, Prandtl, and many others. These theories, equations, and biographies are further enhanced by clear discussions of the development of engineering and engineering education in Italy, France, Germany, England, and elsewhere. 245 figures.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 480 pages
  • 137.16 x 213.36 x 20.32mm | 476.27g
  • Dover Publications Inc.
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New edition
  • New edition
  • 0486611876
  • 9780486611877
  • 82,879

About Stephen P. Timoshenko

The father of modern engineering mechanics, Stephen Timoshenko (1868 1972) taught for decades at Stanford University. His seminal engineering texts remain in wide use."show more

Table of contents

Preface Introduction I. THE STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY   1. Galileo   2. Galileo's work on strength of materials   3. Organization of the national academies of science   4. Robert Hooke   5. Mariotte II. ELASTIC CURVES   6. The mathematicians Bernoulli   7. Euler   8. Euler's contribution to strength of materials   9. Lagrange III. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY   10. Engineering applications of strength of materials   11. Parent   12. Coulomb   13. Experimental study of the mechanical properties of structual materials in the eighteenth century   14. Theory of retaining walls in the eighteenth century   15. Theory of arches in the eighteenth century IV. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1800 AND 1833   16. L'Ecole Polytechnique   17. Navier   18. Navier's book on strength of materials   19. The experimental work of French engineers between 1800 and 1833   20. The theories of arches and suspension bridges between 1800 and 1833   21. Poncelet   22. Thomas Young   23. Strength of materials in England between 1800 and 1833   24. Other notable European contributions to strength of materials V. THE BEGINNING OF THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY   25. Equations of equilibrium in the theory of elasticity   26. Cauchy   27. Poisson   28. G. Lamé and B. P. E. Clapeyron   29. The theory of plates VI. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867   30. Fairbairn and Hodgkinson   31. The growth of German engineering schools   32. Saint-Venant's contributions to the theory of bending of beams   33. Jourawski's analysis of shearing stresses in beams   34. Continuous beams   35. Bresse   36. E. Winkler VII. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EVOLUTION OF RAILWAY ENGINEERING   37. Tubular bridges   38. Early investigations on fatigue of metals   39. The work of Wöhler   40. Moving loads   41. Impact   42. The early stages in the theory of trusses   43. K. Culmann   44. W. J. Macquorn Rankine   45. J. C. Maxwell's contributions to the theory of structures   46. Problems of elastc stability. Column formulas   47. Theory of retaining walls and arches between 1833 and 1867 VIII. THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867   48. "The physical elasticity and "the elastic constant controversy"   49. Early work in elasticity at Cambridge University   50. Stokes   50a. Barré de Saint-Venant   51. The semi-inverse method   52. The later work of Saint-Venant   53. Duhamel and Phillips   54. Franz Neumann   55. G. R. Kirchoff   56. A. Clebsch   57. Lord Kelvin   58. James Clerk Maxwell IX. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE PERIOD 1867-1900   59. Mechanical Testing Laboratories   60. The work of O. Mohr   61. Strain energy and Castigliano's theorem   62. Elastic stability problems   63. August Föppl X. THEORY OF STRUCTURES IN THE PERIOD 1867-1900   64. Statistically determinate trusses   65. Deflection of trusses   66. Statically indeterminate trusses   67. Arches and retaining walls XI. THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1867 AND 1900   68. The work of Saint-Venant's pupils   69. Lord Rayleigh   70. Theory of elasticity in England between 1867 and 1900   71. Theory of elasticity in Germany between 1867 and 1900   71a. Solutions of two-dimensional problems between 1867 and 1900 XII. PROGRESS IN STRENGTH OF MATERIALS DURING THE TWENTIETH CENTURY   72. Properties of materials within the elastic limit   73. Fracture of brittle materials   74. Testing of ductile materials   75. Strength theories   76. Creep of metals at elevated temperatures   77. Fatigue of metals   78. Experimental stress analysis XIII. THEORY OF ELASTICITY DURING THE PERIOD 1900-1950   79. Felix Klein   80. Ludwig Prandtl   81. Approximate methods of solving elasticity problems   82. Three-dimensional problems of elasticity   83. Two-dimensional problems of elasticity   84. Bending of plates and shells   85. Elastic stability   86. Vibrations and impact XIV. THEORY OF STRUCTURES DURING THE PERIOD 1900-1950   87. New methods of solving statically indeterminate systems   88. Arches and suspension bridges   89. Stresses in railway tracks   90. Theory of ship structures Name Index Subject Indexshow more