Excerpt from History of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 1 of 2: Including a Genealogical and Biographical Record of Many Families and Persons in the County
It is not probable that this region was ever the permanent habita tion of any Indian-tribes. The large rivers on the east and west afforded greater facilities for rapid movements from place to place, while the ease with which food products could be taken from the Delaware and the Susquehanna were prime considerations, even in the savage mind. The valleys of these rivers also afforded better facilities for the rude agriculture of the Indians than did the valleys of the Schuylkill and its tributaries, which presented an almost impene trahle mass of laurel. Hunting and scouting parties of Indians traversed the region from time to time, and made temporary camps at various places within the present boundaries of Schuylkill county, but no permanent abiding place was established. Tradition locates an ancient Indian village near Orwigsburg, on or near Sculp Hill, but no evidence of its former existence remains.
The Indians who inhabited eastern Pennsylvania at the time of its settlement by the whites, were the Lenni Lenapes, known by the White settlers as the Delawares, probably because of their close proximity to the river of that name. When found here they were under the domination of the warlike Six Nations, who had reduced them to subjection, as their remarkable confederation had enabled them to do with the tribes inhabiting a large scope of territory, even outside of the boundaries of Pennsylvania. The Six Nations were known as the Mingoes or Iroquois, and were the most powerful enemies who confronted the pioneers in their development of the west.
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