The History of Rome Volume 3

The History of Rome Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1877 edition. Excerpt: ...guilt' only of negligence and not of treason.2 On the other hand, we are almost inclined to doubt that the garrison in the pass of Tempe really retreated in compliance with the orders of Perseus; for in this case they would surely have destroyed the magazines of provisions, and not have allowed them to fall into the hands of the Romans; and the garrison of Heracleum, a small town, north of the pass, would have received the same orders to withdraw, whereas we are informed that it offered a stout resistance. Moreover, the retreat of the Macedonian troops northwards, through the narrow plain occupied by the Eomans, would have been extremely difficult. We venture, therefore, to surmise that the despair of Perseus was not mere pusillanimity, but the result, at least in part, of treason, and that he did not voluntarily give up his position in the pass of Tempe.1 But we cannot decide this point with any certainty, as all our reports are derived from Roman sources, and as unfortunately even Polybius, the most trustworthy witness, regarded Perseus with evident disfavour and partiality.2 1 Livj, xliv. 16. At least Perseus afterwards, though he blamed his conduct, did not treat him as a traitor. Polybius, ..viii. 9, a. 1 Perhaps the Onesimus mentioned in the text as a traitor was the man who commanded the troops in the pass and surrendered the position to the Romans. It is not likely that tlie Romans would have rewarded him, as they did, with a house and estate at. Tarentum (Livy, xliv. 16, 4), if he had not rendered most valuable services. What these services were Livy does not relate, and his silence may be suspected as intentional. 2 Livy, xliv. 2, 12, says that Perseus, after occupying the mountain passes, took up a position at Dium with the...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 176 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 327g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236858182
  • 9781236858184