A History of Psychology in Western Civilization
This book is a re-introduction to psychology. It focuses on great scholarly thinkers, beginning with Plato, Marcus Aurelius and St Augustine, who gave the field its foundational ideas long before better known 'founders', such as Galton, Fechner, Wundt and Watson, appeared on the scene. Psychology can only achieve its full breadth and potential when we fully appreciate its scholarly legacy. Bruce Alexander and Curtis Shelton also argue that the fundamental contradictions built into psychology's history have never been resolved, and that a truly pragmatic approach, as defined by William James, can produce a 'layered' psychology that will enable psychologists to face the fearsome challenges of the twenty-first century. A History of Psychology in Western Civilization claims that contemporary psychology has overemphasized the methods of physical science and that psychology will need a broader scientific orientation alongside a scholarly focus in order to fully engage the future.
- Online resource
- 05 Jul 2014
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 6 b/w illus. 12 tables
'Anyone who can link the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius with Abraham Maslow, Plato with Chomsky and Hume with Seligman is on to something! The approach is stunning in its creativity and accessibility.' Alex Forsythe, University of Liverpool 'This highly innovative and engaging work is an attempt to supply what [Alexander and Shelton] believe is missing ... The selective treatment of authors and issues is one of the features that distinguish this book from other current texts on the history of psychology, which often sacrifice depth of understanding in an effort to achieve comprehensiveness of coverage.' William E. Smythe, PsycCRITIQUES
Table of contents
1. Introduction: two histories of Western psychology; 2. Rationalism: Plato and the 'just' person; 3. Stoicism: Marcus Aurelius and the sufficient self; 4. Christianity: St Augustine and the incomplete soul; 5. Materialism: Thomas Hobbes and the human machine; 6. Empiricism: John Locke, David Hume, and experience as reality; 7. Evolution: Charles Darwin and Homo sapiens as a work in progress; 8. Medicine: Sigmund Freud and the world of neurotics; 9. Re-imagining psychology.
About Bruce K. Alexander
Bruce K. Alexander is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at Simon Fraser University. Curt P. Shelton is a Clinical Counselor at the British Columbia Institute of Technology.