Excerpt from History of the Political System of Europe, and Its Colonies From the Discovery of America to the Independence of the American Continent, Vol. 2 of 2
Congress opened at Aix la Chapelle, April 1748. Pre liminaries were concluded between France and the maritime powers, 3oth April, to which Austria acceded 25th May. The negotiations however were protracted through the sum mer, by reason of the advances of the Russians, which were terminated by a special convention 2d August. A definitive peace was formed at'aix la Chapelle, between France and the maritime powers, to which Spain, Austria, Genoa and Sardinia, immediately acceded. Conditions 1. Mutual restitution of the respective conquests made by France and England. (to France Cape Breton, to England Madras, to the republic, the, mostly dismantled, frontier fortresses). Nothing was done respecting the contested boundaries Of Canada and Nova Scotia. 2. Resignation of Parma, Pia cenza and Guastalla, in favor of Don Philip and his male posterity, with the condition of a reversion. 3. Sardinia Obtained the portions of Milan, resigned 1743. 4. The as siento treaty of 1713 is confirmed to England forthe four still remaining years. (an acquittal from its obligations was after wards purchased by the treaty at Buen Retiro, Oct. 5, 17 5. Dunkirk remained fortified on the land side. 6. Guar unty of Silesia and Glatz, in favor of Frederic, from all claimants. 7. Guaranty of the Pragmatic Sanction in favor of Austria. 8. Guaranty of the British succession and of the German states, in favor of the house Of Hanover.
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