A History Philosophy

A History Philosophy

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1892 edition. Excerpt: ...from perception to perception. Every monad is a soul. In this consists the perfection of the world. 3. The Pre-established Harmony.--The universe is thus the sum of all the monads. Every thing, every composite, is an aggregate of monads. Thus every bodily organism is not one substance, but man," it is a multiplicity of monads, like a machine which is made up of a number of distinct pieces of mechanism. Leibnitz compared bodies to a fish-pond, which might be full of living elements, though dead itself. The ordinary view of things is thus wholly reversed; true substantiality does not belong to bodies, i.e., to the aggregates, but to their original elements. Matter in the vulgar sense, as something conceived to be without mind, does not at all exist. How now must the inner connection of the universe be conceived? In the following way. Every monad is a representative being, and at the same time, each one is different from every other. This difference, therefore, depends alone upon the difference of representation: there are just as many different degrees of representation as there are monads, and these degrees may be fixed according to some of their prominent stages. An important principle of classification is the distinction between confused and distinct cognition. Hence a monad of the lowest rank (a monad toute nue) will be one which merely represents, i.e., which possesses only the most confused knowledge. Liebnitz compares this state with a swoon, or with our condition in a dreamless sleep, in which we are not without representations (notions), --for otherwise we could have none when awaking, --but in which the representations are so numerous that they neutralize each other and do not come into the consciousness. This is the stage of...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 158 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 9mm | 295g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236760263
  • 9781236760265