I: History of Ideas in Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences. 1. The History of Stereoscopy; R.A. Crone. 2. Helmholtz, the First Reformer of Ophthalmology; H.E. Henkes. 3. Christoph Scheiner's Eye Studies; F. Daxecker. II: Biographies. 4. Jules Janssen (1824-1907): From Ophthalmology to Astronomy; P. Amalric. 5. John Cunningham Saunders (1733-1810): his Contribution to the Surgery of Congenital Cataracts; N.S.C. Rice. 6. Thomas Hall Shastid (1866-1947): America's Forgotten Historian of Ophthalmology; F.W. Newell. 7. William R. Wilde (1815-1876) in Vienna; F.C. Blodi. 8. Noelle Chome-Bercioux (1898-1990), Jules Gonin's Public Relations' Officer; J.F. Cuendet. 9. Professor Gama Pinto and the Beginning of Portuguese Ophthalmology; I. Ribeiro da Silva. III: History of Academic Institutions. 10. The First Danish Chairs of Ophthalmology; V. Dreyer, et al. 11. Ophthalmology in Europe in the Days of the French Revolution; P. Bregat, P. Amalric. 12. The Present Status of the Hirschberg Library; A. Nakajima. IV: Ophthalmology in Antiquity. 13. A Case of Eye Disease (Lippitudo) on the Roman Frontier in Britain; A.R. Birley. 14. Some Byzantine Chroniclers and Historians on Ophthmalogical Topics; J. Fronimopoulous, J. Lascaratos. 15. The Penalty of Blinding during Byzantine Times; J. Lascaratos, S. Marketos. 16. Miraculous Ophthalmological Therapies in Byzantium; J. Lascaratos. V: Oral History in Ophthalmology. 17. TheDevelopment of Ophthalmology in the Former German Democratic Republic after 1945; R. Sachsenweger.