The History of the Holocaust in Romania
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The History of the Holocaust in Romania

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Published by the University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, and Yad Vashem, Jerusalem
Based on an unparalleled and exhaustive collection of original Jewish accounts and sources not available until the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu in the late 1980s, Jean Ancel provides a detailed analysis of the path of antisemitism that led to the unspeakable horrors of the Holocaust in Romania.
The Romanians, and other nations inside and outside the Balkans, related differently to "their Jews" and "other Jews," that is, those living in districts annexed to Romania after the First World War and in areas occupied and annexed to the Romanian military administration after the Soviet invasion in June 1941. The Jews of the Regat, the core Romanian principality, suffered pogroms, decrees, and degradation, but on the whole they survived the Holocaust.
Contradicting long-held assumptions, Ancel shows that Romanians were largely responsible for murdering their Jewish community-one of the largest in Europe before the war-and although its survival rate was the highest in Europe, the survival rate in areas where Jews were liquidated was one of the lowest.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 720 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 48.26mm | 929.86g
  • Lincoln, United States
  • English
  • Translation
  • 1 map, 28 tables, 4 charts
  • 0803290616
  • 9780803290617
  • 2,476,904

Table of contents

List of Illustrations Foreword to the Hebrew Edition Editors' Note Introduction 1. The Goga Government: Europe's Second Antisemitic Government, 28 December 193710 February 1938 2. King Carol II's Dictatorship and Its Policy toward the Jews, February 1938August 1940 3. The Rhinocerization of the Romanian Intelligentsia 4. The Romanian Orthodox Church and Its Attitude toward the "Jewish Problem" 5. The Nazi Influence on Romanian Political Life and Its Effect on the Situation of the Jews 6. Pogroms and Persecutions in the Summer of 1940 7. The National-Legionary State 8. Romanization 9. Legionary Terror 10. The Confrontation between Antonescu and the Legionnaires and Its Impact on the Situation of the Jews 11. The Legionnaires' Rebellion and the Bucharest Pogrom, 2123 January 1941 12. The Jewish Leadership under the National-Legionary Regime 13. The Political and Ideological Foundations of the Antonescu Regime 14. The Government's Attitude toward the Jews 15. Romanization (II) 16. The Antonescu Regime and the Final Solution, 194142 17. The Romanian Solution to the Jewish Problem in Bessarabia and Bukovina, JuneJuly 1941 18. The Camps and Ghettos in Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, SeptemberNovember 1941 19. The Kishinev Ghetto 20. Czernowitz 21. Southern Bukovina 22. The Dorohoi District 23. The National Bank of Romania 24. Transnistria under Romanian Occupation 25. The Arrest and Deportation of Jews in Transnistria 26. "The Kingdom of Death" 27. Odessa 28. The Berezovka District 29. The Typhus Epidemic 30. The Hunt for Residents of Jewish Blood 31. The Romanian Church and the Christianization Campaign 32. The Degradation of Judaism and Jews 33. The Iasi Pogrom, 29 June 1941 34. The Antonescu Regime and the Final Solution in the Regat and Southern Transylvania 35. Toward the Implementation of the Final Solution 36. The Postponement of the Nazi Final Solution 37. The Jews of the Regat and Southern Transylvania in the Shadow of the Final Solution 38. Statistical Data on the Holocaust in Romania Notes Bibliography Index
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Review quote

This monumental work is a scholarly witnessing to be admired.""-Michael N. Dobkowski, Jewish Book World

"The book has a wealth of details and is very informative. Professional historians as well as casual readers should take note of this book and make it a starting point in their quest to delve further into the mystery of the Holocaust in Romania.""-Michael Gesin, H-Net

"The wealth of information included in this tome and the superior organization and presentation makes it a must for any Judaica library with a Holocaust collection, whether a basic collection, or a rich, academically focused one."-Michlean Amir, Association of Jewish Libraries newsletter
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About Jean Ancel

Jean Ancel (1940-2008) was a Romanian-born Israeli independent historian and a research associate of Yad Vashem's International Institute for Holocaust Research. He is the author and editor of numerous books, including Wilhelm Filderman: Memoirs and Diaries, Volume 1, 1900-1940 (Yad Vashem and Tel Aviv University, 2004); The Economic Destruction of Romanian Jewry (Yad Vashem, 2007); and Prelude to Mass Murder: The Pogrom in Iasi, June 29, 1941 (Yad Vashem, forthcoming).
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