History of Greece, and of the Greek People, from the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest Volume 3, PT. 1

History of Greece, and of the Greek People, from the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest Volume 3, PT. 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1889 edition. Excerpt: ...observation is scorned by Thucydides. Posterity, with greater justice, divides its gratitude between the two. HERODOTOS. Anaxagoras, Demokritos, the Kretan Diogenes, and above all Sokrates, begin in the sixth century B. c. the great epoch of philosophy. I have already explained why I shall not at this time speak of the master of Plato;5 but it is proper to mention here two eminent men, Anaxagoras and Demokritos, who led the Greek mind into new paths. Anaxagoras, born, about the year 500 B. c., at Klazomenai, lived 1 Hi. 80. viii. 60. 8 Herodotos died in 406 B. c., and Thucydides shortly after returning from exile, whence he was recalled, with others who had been banished, in 404. 4 Bust in the Museum of Naples (from a photograph). 5 See above, p. 86. TETRADRACHM OF KLAZOMENAI.1 thirty years at Athens as an intimate friend of Perikles, who saved him in 431 from a charge of impiety, but could not prevent his being sent into exile. This philosopher taught that the sun was only a red-hot stone; and he had the same idea as to the stars. This was very disrespectful towards Apollo, Helios, and all the divinities whom popular religion confused with the heavenly bodies. The supernatural was struck as by a mortal blow, and until this time Greece had lived upon it. Anaxagoras foresaw the judgment and its consequences, and made his escape to Lampsakos, where he died about 428 B. c. Like all the philosophers of the Ionian school, he sought an explanation of the material world; and the ancients called him the great physician, 6 /ucrtKwraTos, which brought upon him Plato's contempt. Matter he believes is eternal, but variable in its elements. "Nothing is created," he said, "nothing is destroyed; that which is, mingles or separates, is united or...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 102 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 195g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236577817
  • 9781236577818