The History of England, from the Roman Period

The History of England, from the Roman Period

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1870 edition. Excerpt: ... of power; that is, to prevent any European state from acquiring such power as might be dangerous to the other nations. Charles professed to enter warmly into this arrangement, but all the while played into the hands of the French king, who gave him a pension of 200,000 a year for doing so. The Earl of Clarendon (Hyde), a warm friend of Charles, tried to dissuade him from this baseness; but was shamefully dismissed and driven into exile. Charles's principal advisers were Clifford, Ashley, Buckingham, Arlington, and Lauderdale: aud from this circumstance a new word, namely Cabal, was added to our language to denote any base scheme, or party of schemers. This word is composed of the initial letters of the names of these five ministers. This cabinet, known as the "Cabal Ministry," lasted four years; and with its overthrow, a parliament was dissolved which had sat for 17 years, and a new one was summoned. This new parliament passed a " Bill of Exclusion," by which the king's brother James (Duke of York) was excluded from being successor to the throne, because he was a Roman Catholic. Those who were anxious to exclude James sent petitions to the king. But as the king did not like the petitions, those who were in favour of James then sent addresses to Charles, in which they expressed abhorrence of the petitions. Hence arose two political parties, who got the names of Petitioners and Abhorrers--terms which soon after became changed into whig and tory; the former being a Scotch word meaning sour whey, and the latter an Irish term applied to wild or savage men who infested the woods and bogs. Some Roman Catholics then formed a plot to secure James's accession. It was revealed by Titus Oates, who received a pension of 1,200...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 80 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 159g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236523504
  • 9781236523501