A History of Education Volume 1

A History of Education Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919 edition. Excerpt: ...to Plutarch, "Of the boys he who showed the best conduct and most courage was made captain of the company. The others kept their eyes always upon him, obeyed his orders, and underwent patiently whatever punishments he inflicted; so that their whole education was an exercise of obedience." 2 The life of the boys during this training was one of 1 In earlier days he was cast down a precipice of the mountain. a Lycurgus, XVI. continual hardening and discipline. They slept without and had a covering, at first upon pallets of straw, and after fifteen mra upon rushes, which they plucked from the banks of the Eurotas, as they were not allowed the use of a knife. They went without shoes winter and summer; and after they became twelve years of age their entire dress consisted of a single garment. They were given little food, that they might learn to endure hunger; but to school them in craft for purposes of war, they were permitted to forage for additional food. If, however, they were detected in the act by any one, they were considered in disgrace and at once handed over to the assistants of the paedonomus for a severe whipping. The more direct training consisted of a graded course and severe in gymnastics. The exercises began with running, fining, jumping, and ball playing; but as the boys grew older, they were trained also in throwing the discus, casting the javelin, wrestling, and boxing. They were occasionally allowed to engage in the pancratium ('a complete combat'), a contest in which any means of overcoming one's antagonist, even by kicking, biting, scratching, or gouging, was permitted. These events were carried on in the open air and in the presence of any who wished to attend, so that they were subject to the criticism, favorable or...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 72 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 145g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236490754
  • 9781236490759