History of the Cotton Manufacture in Great Britain
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1835 edition. Excerpt: ...to alarm the hand-loom weavers, who, attributing to machinery the distress caused by the Orders in Council and the American war, made riotous opposition to all new machines, and broke the power-looms set up at West Houghton, Middleton, and other places. Nevertheless, the great value of the power-loom having now been proved, it was adopted by many manufacturers, both in England and Scotland; and it will, no doubt, in time supersede the hand-loom. The rapidity with which the power-loom is coming into use is proved by the following table, the particulars of which were stated by R. A. Slaney, Esq., M.P., in the house of commons, on the 13th of May, 1830, and which rest on the authority of Mr. Kennedy: --Number Of Power-looms In England And Scotland. In 1820. In 1829. In England... 12,150 45,500 In Scotland... 2,000 10,000 Total.. 14,150 55,500 The plates, containing four views of the power-loom, are from drawings kindly furnished me by Messrs. Sharp, Roberts, and Co., machine-makers, Manchester, and shew the loom in its most improved state, as manufactured by Jieui, for plain work; but there are scarcely two establishments in which looms arc fitted up alike in all their parts; for, as there is a great variety of modes of effecting each or all of the different movements, particularly that for throwing the shuttle, the combinations are constantly varied, according to the judgment or caprice of masters or managers. The power-loom is also seen in operation in the view of " Power-Loom Weaving," taken by Mr. Allom, from one of the rooms in the large mill of Messrs. Swainson, Birley, & Co., near Preston. This number would appear to have been somewhat under-rated. Dr. Cleland states, that in 1828, the Glasgow manufacturers had in operation, in...
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