The History of Contract Labor in the Hawaiian Islands

The History of Contract Labor in the Hawaiian Islands

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ...of Japanese. Three thousand contract laborers were imported and a labor convention with Japan concluded in anticipation of more drastic legislation against the Chinese. The decade from 1885 to 1895 saw no less than four enactments on the vexed question of Chinese immigration. A law of 1885 prohibited any shipmaster from bringing in more than twenty-five Chinese who could not show pass-ports proving previous residence in the Hawaiian Islands. In 1886 was passed an exclusion act quite as rigid as the Geary law. No Chinese passenger shall be allowed to land at any port in the Hawaiian Kingdom unless such passenger be the bearer of a pass-port proving previous residence. The only exceptions allowed were merchants, for a limited term, wives and children of resident Chinese, officials representing the Chinese government, teachers, and ministers of the gospel. In September, 1889, a committee of the planters petitioned the ministry to convene an extra session of the legislature to consider an amendment to the constitution making provision whereby Chinese might be admitted to the Islands as plantation laborers and whereby Chinese so admitted and Chinese now in the country and employed as common laborers might be restricted to agriculture. The petition was refused on the ground that such an amendment had already been voted down. The ministerial policy was then stated as follows: First, the excessive proportion of Chinese in the Kingdom and their rapid encroachment upon the various businesses and employments of the country, require adequate measures to prevent the speedy extinction in these Islands of Western civilization by that of the East, and the substitution of a Chinese for the Hawaiian and other more

Product details

  • Paperback | 26 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 1mm | 68g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236572238
  • 9781236572233