Excerpt from History of the Conquest of Peru by the Spaniards
The empire of Peru, when the Spaniards invaded it, possessed an extent of territories so vast as to excite wonder and surprise. It stretched no less than fifteen hundred miles from north to south along the Pacific Ocean. In the infancy of its state these regions shared the fate of the other countries in the New World. Conn verted into numerous and wandering tribes of rude savages, and strangers to the most simple operations of industry, the first in habitants, according to the accounts received, must have been among the most uncivilized people of America. They used to roam in a state of nudity amidst the thickets and impervious woods which covered the land, resembling, in their manner of life, more the members of the brute creation, than rational beings belonging to the human species. They were totally unacquainted with the use of the products of the country farther than the satisfying of present want; nor had they the most remote idea of the principles of right and wrong. The enjoyment of animal life was the boundary of their thoughts, and to procure food the utmost limit of their desires. In this deplorable state, they con tinued for many ages nor did the constant suffering, and extra ordinary deprivation to which they were subjected, ever awaken a thought or excite a wish towards the improvement of their lot.
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