A History of Civilizations

A History of Civilizations

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Written from a consciously anti-enthnocentric approach, this fascinating work is a survey of the civilizations of the modern world in terms of the broad sweep and continuities of history, rather than the "event-based" technique of most other texts.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 640 pages
  • 128 x 192 x 34mm | 439.98g
  • Penguin Books Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • Reprint
  • index, 23 maps
  • 0140124896
  • 9780140124897
  • 82,368

About Fernand Braudel

Fernand Braudel was France's foremost post-war historian. He is best known for The Mediterranean in the Age of Philip II, Civilization and Capitalism and The Identity of France. Richard Mayne is a renowned translator of French. His other translations include Monet's Memoirs.show more

Table of contents

List of Maps Translator's Introduction By Way of Preface Introduction: History and the Present Day I. A History of Civilizations 1. Changing Vocabulary 2. The Study of Civilization Involves All the Social Sciences: Civilizations as geographical areas; civilizations as societies; civilizations as economies; civilizations as ways of thought. 3. The Continuity of Civilizations: Periods within civilizations; underlying structures; history and civilization II. Civilizations Outside Europe Part I. Islam and the Muslim World 4. History: Islam as a successor civilization: the Near East in new form; the history of the Near East; Muhammad, the Koran and Islam; Arabia: the problem of a barely urbanized culture. 5. Geography: Islam's lands and seas; a continent as intermediary: trade-routes and towns. 6. The Greatness and Decline of Islam: No Muslim civilization before the eighth or ninth century; the golden age of Islam: eighth to twelfth centuries; science and philosophy; stagnation or decadence: twelfth to eighteenth centuries. 7. The Revival of Islam Today: The end of colonialism and the birth of new nationalist movements; Muslim States in the modern world; Muslim civilization in the twentieth century. Part II: Africa 8. The Past: Geography; the dark past. 9. Black Africa: Today and Tomorrow: The awakening of Africa; economic and social issues at stake; art and literature. Part III: The Far East 10. An Introduction to the Far East: What geography shows; barbarism against civilization: the evidence of history; distant origins: the reasons for cultural immobility. 11. The China of the Past: Religion; politics; social and economic affairs. 12. China Yesterday and Today: The time of imposed treaties: China as humiliated victim (1839-1949); China renewed; Chinese civilization in the modern world. 13. India Yesterday and Today: Ancient India (before the British Raj); British India (1757-1947): an ancient economy at grips with the modern West; Will India be spared a Chinese-style revolution? 14. The Maritime Far East: Indo-China; Indonesia; The Philippines; Korea. 15. Japan: Japan before Chinese influence; Japan learns from Chinese civilization; modern Japan. III. European Civilizations Part I: Europe 16. Geography and Freedom: Europe takes shape: fifth to thirteenth centuries; liberty and rights: eleventh to eighteenth centuries. 17. Christianity, Humanism, and Scientific Thought: Christianity; humanism and humanists; scientific thought before the nineteenth century. 18. The Industrialization of Europe: The origins of the first Industrial Revolution; the spread of industrialism in Europe (and beyond); socialism and industrialism. 19. Unity in Europe: Outstanding art and culture; economic interdependence; political delay. Part II: America 20. Latin America, the Other New World: Geography; nature and society: literature bears witness; racial problems: quasi-fraternity; the economy: civilizations on trial. 21. America par excellence: The United States: A reassuring past: opportunities and setbacks; colonization and independence; conquering the West; industrialization and the growth of towns. 22. Failures and Difficulties: From Yesterday to the Present: An old nightmare: Black America, an ineradicable colony; capitalism: from the trusts to State intervention and oligopoly; the United States in the world. 23. An English-speaking Universe: In Canada: France and Britain; Southern Africa: Dutch, British, and Blacks; Australia and New Zealand, or Britain at last unchallenged. Part III: The Other Europe: Muscovy, Russia, the USSR and the CIS 24. From the Beginning to the October Revolution of 1917: Kiev; the Russian Orthodox Church; Greater Russia. 25. The USSR After 1917: From Marx to Lenin; Marxism and Soviety civilization; the Congress of October 1961. Indexshow more