History of the Christian Church Volume 1

History of the Christian Church Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1892 edition. Excerpt: ...must have arisen. Nevertheless the famous church at Nicomedia, near the Emperor's Palace, and which was destroyed on the outbreak of Diocletian's persecution, must still have been a very modest building, as the Pretorians, at Diocletian's command, were able to level it to the ground with crowbars in a few hours. It is only the age of Constantino which brings in the period of artistic building. As to the forms of architecture we are only scantily informed. From the beginning it is obvious, that the forms offered by the ancient house may have had concurrent influence even in the erection of buildings for worship, but also that larger buildings also, meant for other purposes, may have served for models. These questions are both concerned in the explanation of the ancient Christian basilicas, which become known from the time of Constantino the Great (vid. infra). The marked riss of church building in the time of Constantine already presupposes a certain Christian art tradition. The Apostolic Constitutions (II. 57) require the oblong form and orientation, and the exceptions which are mentioned in the fifth century, presuppose a pretty general diffusion of the rule. The following are regarded as essential requirements (from the time when the Eucharist, separated from the Agape, forms the climax of divine service), a) The Supper-table, Tpaire a, mensrt, but also already called ara and altare by Tertullian and Cyprian; and b) a raised place for the reading of Scripture and address, pulpitum, suggesttts. Besides these however, the development of the constitution gives riso to a separation of the places for clergy and laity; in the eastern part stand the throne of the bishop and the seats for the presbyters on either side; in the western part the...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 264 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 14mm | 476g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236504682
  • 9781236504685