Historical Outlook; A Journal for Readers, Students and Teachers of History Volume 11-12

Historical Outlook; A Journal for Readers, Students and Teachers of History Volume 11-12

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... began to be developed in certain districts of New England and the Middle Atlantic states prior to the Civil War; but the country as a whole was untouched by the factory system, being predominantly agricultural in its interests and modes of living. There were no great cities in the United States in these early times and fewer than a half-dozen millionaires; people lived comfortably and prodigally; there was virtual equality of material possessions and always an opportunity for the man who was unsuccessful in urban occupations to make a new start on a western farm. In many respects the conditions of life of Webster and Lincoln were substantially the same as those of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin; and there was in no sense the profound contrast that we have between the times of Lincoln and those we live in today. A number of things conspired to introduce a new economic and social order into American life in the sixties and seventies. The high war tariffs caused men of capital to invest their money in manufacturing; and government contracts for war supplies gave impetus to this development. The government embarked on a policy of giving vast grants of land to railroads; and soon a steel network covered the country from coast to coast. The passage of the free homestead act of 1862 caused a rush of population toward the West, a movement that was vastly stimulated by the opening up of the remoter regions by the railroads. These various factors reacted upon each other: thus, the railroads called upon the factories for the manufacture of steel rails and locomotives, and by means of their iron highways supplied new markets for the eastern manufacturers as well as for the western farmers. The unprecedented activity along all lines of...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 656 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 34mm | 1,152g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236855906
  • 9781236855909