The Heritage of World Civilizations: Combined volume

The Heritage of World Civilizations: Combined volume

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A global perspective on the major narratives of world history. Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, The Heritage of World Civilizations offers compelling and thorough coverage of the unique heritage of Asian, African, Middle Eastern, European and American civilizations while highlighting the role of the world's great religious and philosophical traditions. This comprehensive yet accessible survey of world history has been extensively revised to provide an even more global and comparative perspective on the events and processes that have shaped our increasingly interdependent world.  Note: MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab at no extra charge, please visit or use ISBN: more

Product details

  • Paperback | 976 pages
  • 215.9 x 274.32 x 33.02mm | 1,791.68g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • Brief ed
  • Illustrations, maps
  • 020583549X
  • 9780205835492

About Albert M. Craig

Albert M. Craig is the Harvard-Yenching research professor of history emeritus at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1959. A graduate of Northwestern University, he received his Ph.D. at Harvard University. He has studied at Strasbourg University and at Kyoto, Keio and Tokyo universities in Japan. He is the author of Choshu in the Meiji Restoration (1961), The Heritage of Japanese Civilization (2011) and, with others, East Asia, Tradition and Transformation (1989). He is the editor of Japan, A Comparative View (1973) and co-editor of Personality in Japanese History (1970) and Civilization and Enlightnment: the Early Thought of Fukuzawa Yukichi (2009). He was the director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute. He has also been a visiting professor at Kyoto and Tokyo universities. He has received Guggenheim, Fulbright and Japan Foundation Fellowships. In 1988 he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun by the Japanese government. William A. Graham is the Albertson professor of Middle Eastern studies in the faculty of arts and sciences and the O'Brian professor of divinity and dean in the faculty of divinity at Harvard University, where he has taught for 34 years. He has directed the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and chaired the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, the Committee on the Study of Religion and the Core Curriculum Committee on Foreign Cultures. He received his B.A. in comparative literature from University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and an A.M. and Ph.D. in history of religion from Harvard. He also studied in Gottingen, Tubingen, Lebanon and London. He is the former chair of the Council on Graduate Studies in Religion (U.S. and Canada). In 2000 he received the quinquennial Award for Excellence in Research in Islamic History and Culture from the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference. He has held John Simon Guggenheim and Alexander von Humboldt research fellowships and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among his publications are Beyond the Written Word: Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion (1987); Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam (1977-ACLS History of Religions Prize, 1978) and Three Faiths, One God (co-authored, 2003). Donald Kagan is the Sterling professor of history and classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received an A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, an M.A. in classics from Brown University and a Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. Between 1958 and 1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four-volume history of the Peloponnesian war, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995) and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is co-author, with Frederick W. Kagan, of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humanities to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004. Steven Ozment is the McLean professor of ancient and modern history at Harvard University. He has taught western civilization at Yale, Stanford and Harvard. He is the author of 11 books. The Age of Reform, 1250-1550 (1980) won the Schaff Prize and was nominated for the 1981 National Book Award. Five of his books have been selections of the History Book Club: Magdalena and Balthasar: An Intimate Portrait of Life in Sixteenth Century Europe (1986), Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany (1990), Protestants: The Birth of A Revolution (1992), The Burgermeister's Daughter: Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town (1996) and Flesh and Spirit: Private Life in Early Modern Germany (1999). His most recent publications are Ancestors: The Loving Family of Old Europe (2001), A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People (2004) and "Why We Study Western Civ," The Public Interest 158 (2005). Frank M. Turner was the John Hay Whitney professor of history at Yale University and director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, where he served as university provost from 1988 to 1992. He received his B.A. degree at the College of William and Mary and his Ph.D. from Yale. He received the Yale College Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching. He directed a national endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute. His scholarly research received the support of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is the author of Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England (1974), The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain (1981), which received the British Council Prize of the Conference on British Studies and the Yale Press Governors Award, Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life (1993) and John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion (2002). He has also contributed numerous articles to journals and has served on the editorial advisory boards of The Journal of Modern History, Isis and Victorian Studies. He edited The Idea of a University by John Henry Newman (1996), Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke (2003) and Apologia Pro Vita Sua and Six Sermons by John Henry Newman (2008). Between l996 and 2006 he served as a trustee of Connecticut College and between 2004 and 2008 as a member of the Connecticut Humanities more

Review quote

â â ¦well-written, civilizations-focused text that is accessible to students without talking down to them.â             -Wayne Ackerson, SalisburyUniversity  â The â Global Perspectiveâ feature is superb. It is an excellent way to put themes into a global context, which brings significance to the topics of study.â             -Heather Barry, St. Josephâ s College â â ¦a very good balance between topical, thematic, and chronological approaches.  All three are necessary for students to derive the maximum value from the text.â             -Dr. Anthony R. Santoro, ChristopherNewport University â The greatest challenge my students usually face is how to deal with thematic and more complex ideas on a wide geographic & chronological range. This book helps that.â             -Kristen Post Walton, SalisburyUniversityshow more

Table of contents

Documents Maps Preface Part I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations to 500 B.C.E. Chapter 1: The Birth of a Civilization Early Humans and Their Culture GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Civilizations Early Civilizations in the Middle East to About 1000 B.C.E. A CLOSER LOOK Babylonian World Map Ancient Near Eastern Empires Early Indian Civilization Early Chinese Civilization The Rise of Civilization in the Americas SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 2: Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion Comparing the Four Great Revolutions Philosophy in China GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Philosophy and Religion Religion in India A CLOSER LOOK Statue of Siddhartha Gotama asFasting Ascetic (2nd Century C.E.) The Religion of the Israelites Greek Philosophy SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Judaism Part II: Empires and Cultures of the Ancient World, 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E. Chapter 3: Greek and Hellenistic Civilization The Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to ca. 1150 B.C.E. GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Achievement of Greek and Hellenistic Civilization Greek "Middle Age" to ca. 750 B.C.E. The Polis Expansion of the Greek World Life in Archaic Greece Major City-States The Persian Wars A CLOSER LOOK The Trireme Classical Greece Emergence of the Hellenistic World Hellenistic Culture SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 4: West Asia, Inner Asia, and South Asia to 1000 C.E. GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Indo-Iranian Roles in the Eurasian World before Islam West and Inner Asia The Ancient Background The First Persian Empire in the Iranian Plateau (550-330 B.C.E.) The Seleucid Successors to Alexander in the East (ca. 312-63 B.C.E.) The Parthian Arsacid Empire (ca. 247 B.C.E.-223 C.E.) The Sasanid Empire (224-651 C.E.) South Asia to 1000 C.E. The First Indian Empire: The Mauryas (321-185 B.C.E.) The Consolidation of Indian Civilization (ca. 200 B.C.E.-300 C.E.) A CLOSER LOOK Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath The Golden Age of the Guptas (ca. 320-550 C.E.) The Development of "Classical" Indian Civilization (ca. 300-1000 C.E.) SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Hinduism Chapter 5: Africa: Early History to 1000 C.E. Issues of Interpretation, Sources, and Disciplines Physical Description of the Continent GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE "Traditional" Peoples and Nontraditional Histories African Peoples The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era Nilotic Africa and the Ethiopian Highlands The Western and Central Sudan Central, Southern, and East Africa A CLOSER LOOK Four Rock Art Paintings from Tassili n-Ajjer (4000-2000 B.C.E.) SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 6: Republican and Imperial Rome Prehistoric Italy The Etruscans Royal Rome GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Republican and Imperial Rome The Republic A CLOSER LOOK Lictors Civilization in the Early Roman Republic: Greek Influence Roman Imperialism The Fall of the Republic The Augustan Principate Civilization of the Ciceronian and Augustan Ages Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14-180 C.E.) The Rise of Christianity The Crisis of the Third Century The Late Empire Arts and Letters in the Late Empire The Problem of the Decline and Fall of the Empire in the West SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 7: China's First Empire, 221 B.C.E.-589 C.E. Qin Unification of China GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE China's First Empire Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-8 C.E.) A CLOSER LOOK The Terra-Cotta Army of the First Qin Emperor Later Han (25-220 C.E.) and Its Aftermath Han Thought and Religion SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Part III: Consolidation and Interaction of World Civilizations, 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E. Chapter 8: Imperial China, 589-1368 Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589-618) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Imperial China A CLOSER LOOK A Tang Painting of the Goddess of Mercy Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960-1279) China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368) SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 9: Early Japanese History Japanese Origins GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE East Asia Nara and Heian Japan Japan's Early Feudal Age A CLOSER LOOK The East Meets the East SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS RELIGIONS OF THE World Buddhism Chapter 10: The Formation of Islamic Civilization, 622-100 Origins and Early Development GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Islamic Worlds of Arab and Persian Cultures Women in Early Islamic Society Early Islamic Conquests The New Islamic World Order A CLOSER LOOK The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem (Interior) The High Caliphate Islamic Culture in the Classical Era SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 11: The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000 The End of the Western Roman Empire GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Middle Ages The Impact of Islam on East and West The Developing Roman Church The Kingdom of the Franks A CLOSER LOOK A Multicultural Book Cover Feudal Society SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 12: The Islamic World,1000-1500 the islamic heartlands Religion and Society GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Expansion of Islamic Civilization, 1000-1500 Regional Developments A CLOSER LOOK Al-Hariri, Assemblies (Maqamat) The Spread of Islam beyond the Heartlands Islamic India and Southeast Asia The Spread of Islam to South Asia Muslim-Hindu Encounter Islamic States and Dynasties Religious and Cultural Accommodation Hindu and Other Indian Traditions SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 13: Ancient Civilizations of the Americas GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Ancient Civilizations of the Americas Problems in Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization Mesoamerica The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization The Classic Period in Mesoamerica A CLOSER LOOK The Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan The Post-Classic Period Andean South America The Preceramic and the Initial Periods Chavin de Huantar and the Early Horizon The Early Intermediate Period The Middle Horizon through the Late Intermediate Period The Inca Empire SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 14: Africa CA. 1000-1700 North Africa and Egypt The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Africa, 1000-1700 Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan The Eastern Sudan The Forestlands-Coastal West and Central Africa A CLOSER LOOK Benin Bronze Plaque with Chief and Two Attendants East Africa Southern Africa SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 15: Europe to the Early 1500s: Revival, Decline, and Renaissance Revival of Empire, Church, and Towns GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The High Middle Ages in Western Europe A CLOSER LOOK European Embrace of a Black Saint Society Growth of National Monarchies Political and Social Breakdown Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church The Renaissance in Italy (1375-1527) Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the Fifteenth Century SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Part IV: The World in Transition, 1500 to 1850 Chapter 16: Europe, 1500-1650: Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Wars The Discovery of a New World GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE European Expansion The Reformation The Reformation's Achievements A CLOSER LOOK A Contemporary Commentary on the Sexes The Wars of Religion Superstition and Enlightenment: The Battle Within SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Christianity Chapter 17: Conquest and Exploitation: The Development of the Transatlantic Economy Periods of European Overseas Expansion Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Atlantic World Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America Economies of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire Colonial Brazil French and British Colonies in North America The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture Slavery in the Americas Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade A CLOSER LOOK The Slave Ship Brookes SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 18: East Asia in the Late Traditional Era GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE East Asia in the Late Traditional Era Late Imperial China Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties Japan Warring States Era (1467-1600) Tokugawa Era (1600-1868) A CLOSER LOOK Bridal Procession Korea and Vietnam Korea Vietnam SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 19: State Building and Society in Early Modern Europe European Political Consolidation GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Early Modern Europe A CLOSER LOOK Versailles European Warfare: From Continental to World Conflict The Old Regime Family Structures and the Family Economy The Revolution in Agriculture The Eighteenth-Century Industrial Revolution: An Event in World History European Cities The Jewish Population: Age of the Ghetto SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 20: The Last Great Islamic Empires,1500-1800 The Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Mediterranean World GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Last Great Islamic Empires The Safavid Empire and the West Asian World The Mughals A CLOSER LOOK The Mughal Emperor Jahangir Honoring a Muslim Saint over Kings and Emperors Central Asia: Islamization in the Post-Timur Era Power Shifts in the Southern Oceans SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Part V: Enlightenment and Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1700-1850 Chapter 21: The Age of European Enlightenment The Scientific Revolution GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The European Enlightenment The Enlightenment The Enlightenment and Religion The Enlightenment and Society Enlightened Absolutism A CLOSER LOOK An Eighteenth-Century Artist Appeals to the Ancient World SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 22: Revolutions in the Transatlantic World Revolution in the British Colonies in North America GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Transatlantic Revolutions Revolution in France A CLOSER LOOK Challenging the French Political Order Wars of Independence in Latin America Toward the Abolition of Slavery in the Transatlantic Economy SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 23: Political Consolidation in the Nineteenth-Century Europe and North America The Emergence of Nationalism in Europe GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE European and North American Political Consolidation Early Nineteenth-Century Political Liberalism Efforts to Liberalize Early Nineteenth-Century European Political Structures Testing the New American Republic The Canadian Experience Midcentury Political Consolidation in Europe A CLOSER LOOK The Crimean War Recalled Unrest of Nationalities in Eastern Europe Racial Theory and Anti-Semitism SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Part VI: Into the Modern World, 1815-1949 Chapter 24: Northern Transatlantic Economy and Society,1815-1914 GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Building of Northern Transatlantic Supremacy European Factory Workers and Urban Artisans Nineteenth-Century European Women Jewish Emancipation European Labor, Socialism, and Politics to World War I A CLOSER LOOK Bloody Sunday, Saint Petersburg 1905 North America and the New Industrial Economy The Emergence of Modern European Thought Islam and Late Nineteenth-Century European Thought SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 25: Latin America from Independence to the1940S Independence without Revolution GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Latin American History Economy of Dependence Search for Political Stability Three National Histories A CLOSER LOOK Benito Juarez SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 26: India, the Islamic Heartlands, and Africa, 1800-1945 The Indian Experience British Dominance and Colonial Rule GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Challenge of Modernity: India, Islam, and Africa From British Crown Raj to Independence A CLOSER LOOK Gandhi and His Spinning Wheel The Islamic Experience Islamic Responses to Declining Power and Independence Western Political and Economic Encroachment The Western Impact Islamic Responses to Foreign Encroachment The African Experience New States and Power Centers Islamic Reform Movements Increasing European Involvement: Exploration and Colonization Patterns in European Colonial Rule and African Resistance The Rise of African Nationalism SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Islam Chapter 27: Modern East Asia GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Modern East Asia Modern Japan (1853-1945) Overthrow of the Tokugawa Bakufu (1853-1868) A CLOSER LOOK East Meets the West Building the Meiji State (1868-1890) Growth of a Modern Economy The Politics of Imperial Japan (1890-1945) Japanese Militarism and German Nazism Modern China (1839-1949) Close of Manchu Rule From Dynasty to Warlordism (1895-1926) Cultural and Ideological Ferment: The May Fourth Movement Nationalist China SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Part VII: Global Conflict and Change, 1900-Present Chapter 28: Imperialism and World War I Expansion of European Power and the "New Imperialism" GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Imperialism and the Great War Emergence of the German Empire World War I A CLOSER LOOK The Development of the Armored Tank The Russian Revolution End of World War I SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 29: Depression, European Dictators, and the American New Deal After Versailles: Demands for Revision and Enforcement Toward the Great Depression in Europe GOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Interwar Period in Europe and the United States The Soviet Experiment The Fascist Experiment in Italy German Democracy and Dictatorship A CLOSER LOOK The Nazi Party Rally The Great Depression and the New Deal in the United States SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 30: World War II Again the Road to War GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE World War II World War II The Domestic Fronts A CLOSER LOOK The Vichy Regime in France Preparation for Peace SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 31: The West Since World War II The Cold War Era GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The West Since 1945 Toward Western European Unification European Society in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century and Beyond American Domestic Scene since World War II The Soviet Union to 1989 1989: Year of Revolutions in Eastern Europe A CLOSER LOOK Collapse of the Berlin Wall The Collapse of the Soviet Union The Collapse of Yugoslavia and Civil War Challenges to the Atlantic Alliance SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 32: East Asia: The Recent Decades Japan GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Modern East Asia China A CLOSER LOOK Trial of a Landlord Taiwan Korea Vietnam SUMMARY KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 33: Postcolonialism and Beyond: Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East Beyond the Postcolonial Era GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Democratization, Globalization, and Terrorism Latin America since 1945 A CLOSER LOOK Mexican Farmers Protest in North American Free Trade Agreement Postcolonial Africa The Islamic Heartlands, from North Africa to Indonesia The Postcolonial Middle East SUMMAR KEY TERMS REVIEW QUESTIONS Suggested Readings Credits Indexshow more