Heritage of Value, Archaeology of Renown

Heritage of Value, Archaeology of Renown : Reshaping Archaeological Assessment and Significance

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These essays urge archaeologists to reexamine and to change their basic assumptions about how we assign value to cultural places and, beyond that, how we should understand and manage our heritage throughout much of the world. At the heart of the complex field of cultural resource management is the work archaeologists do to determine the significance of a particular site. On a daily basis, they often face the question of what should be protected for future generations, salvaged in the face of impending destruction, or allowed to be destroyed without record. Frequently, their assessments are at odds with segments of society whose culturally conditioned values conflict with the practical management of resources. The book addresses such topical issues as public controversy over national memorials, land ownership, repatriation, and the protection of cultural heritage in war and peace. It sets the concerns of native peoples and minorities in the context of worldwide tensions between national and local identities, and it explores the overt goal of many countries to promote and appreciate cultural diversity. It also addresses the philosophical separation of heritage management and research within the archaeological discipline itself. The contributors propose that in both developing and developed nations the theoretical underpinning of policies must be examined, and new preservation, protection, and research strategies must be developed. Drawing on a broad base of international expertise, the book highlights new theoretical and pragmatic approaches to archaeological value and significance being applied currently by professionals in North America, Europe, Africa, South America, and Australia. The book raises concerns of interest not only to archaeologists but also to those in law, politics, anthropology, environmental studies, and related fields. It revives the critical debate concerning significance and value while emphasizing innovations in both theory and practice in what has become in the 21st century an increasingly diverse discipline.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 339 pages
  • 163.58 x 242.32 x 30.48mm | 721.21g
  • Florida, United States
  • English
  • 31 figures, 12 tables, notes, index
  • 0813027772
  • 9780813027777
  • 2,018,729

Table of contents

1. Introduction: Archaeological Value in a World Context, by Clay Mathers, Timothy Darvill, and Barbara Little; Part I. Archaeology and Heritage; 2. "Sorted for Ease and Whiz": Approaching Value and Importance in Archaeological Resource Management, by Timothy Darvill; 3. Good Citizens and Sound Economics: The Trajectory of Archaeology in Britain from "Heritage" to "Resource," by John Carman; 4. Shaping and Suppressing the Archaeological Record: Significance in American Cultural Resource Management, by Joseph A. Tainter and Bonnie Bagley; Part II. Archaeology in Context; 5. Archaeological Significance and the Governance of Identity in Cultural Heritage Management, by Laurajane Smith; 6. "Rigidity and a Changing Order... Disorder, Degeneracy and Daemonic Repetition": Fluidity of Cultural Values and Cultural Heritage Management, by W. E. Boyd, M. M. Cotter, J. Gardiner, and G. Taylor; 7. The U.S. National Register of Historic Places and the Shaping of Archaeological Significance, by Barbara J. Little; 8. Reassessing Archaeological Significance: Heritage of Value and Archaeology of Renown in Brazil, by Pedro Paulo A. Funari; 9. Plastic Value: Archaeological Significance in South Africa, by Gavin Whitelaw; Part III. Judging Value and Importance; 10. "Drawing Distinctions": Toward a Scalar Model of Value and Significance, by Clay Mathers, John Schelberg, and Ronald Kneebone; 11. Significance in American Cultural Resource Management: Lost in the Past, by Jeffrey H. Altschul; 12. Archaeological Deposits and Value, by Jane Grenville and Ian Ritchie; 13. Archaeological and Indigenous Significance: A View from Australia, by Ian Lilley and Michael Williams; 14. Sacredness, Sensitivity, and Significance: The Controversy over Native American Sacred Sites, by Sherene Baugher; 15. Traditional Cultural Properties and the National Preservation Program in the United States, by Nina Swidler and Michael Yeatts; Part IV. Managing Valued Places; 16. Handling the Unknown: The Expanding Role of Predictive Modeling in Archaeological Heritage Management in the Netherlands, by Jos Deeben and Bert Groenewoudt; 17. Assessing the Cultural Significance of World Heritage Sites: A Case Study from Avebury, Wiltshire, England, by Melanie C. Pomeroy; 18. Beyond Designation: The Role of Value in Sustaining Cultural Heritage Resources, by Kate Clark
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Review quote

"A major contribution to archaeological literature... [and] a great contribution to heritage and cultural resource management." - Thomas J. Green, University of Arkansas; "Cutting-edge thinking about how value, significance, and importance are assigned to archaeological places. I wish that it had been available for my seminar in cultural resource management." - Donald L. Hardesty, University of Nevada, Reno"
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About Clay Mathers

Clay Mathers is the geographic information systems coordinator for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the Albuquerque District, New Mexico. He is the coeditor of Trends and Patterns in Cultural Resource Significance. Timothy Darvill is professor of archaeology at Bournemouth University in England. He is the author of the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Barbara J. Little is an archaeologist with the U.S. National Park Service Archaeology and Ethnography Program and the editor of Public Benefits of Archaeology.
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