Heredity and Infection

Heredity and Infection : The History of Disease Transmission

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Description

Ideas about the transmission of disease have long formed the core of modern biology and medicine. Heredity and Infection examines their development over the last century. Two scientific revolutions - the bacteriological revolution of the 1890s and the genetic revolution at the start of the twentieth century - acted as the catalysts of major change in our understanding of the causes of illness. As well as being great scientific achievements, these were social and political watersheds that reconfigured the medical and administrative means of intervention. By establishing a clear distinction between transmission by infection and genetic transmission, this shift was instrumental in separating hygiene from eugenism. The authors argue that the popular perception of such a sharp divide stabilized only after 1945 when the use of antibiotics to end epidemics became commonplace. For health professionals the separation has never become an absolute one, and the book examines the various blends of heredity and infection that have preoccupied biology, medicine and the social sciences. Heredity and Infection recontructs the changing epidemiology of such historically important pathologies as tuberculosis , cancer and AIDS. In doing so, it demonstrates the role of experimental models, medical practices and cultural images in the making of contemporary biochemical knowledge.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 383 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 22.86mm | 657.71g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138867918
  • 9781138867918

Table of contents

Introduction: Horizontal and Vertical Transmission of Diseases: the Impossible Separation Jean-Paul Gaudilliére and Ilana Löy Part 1: Tuberculosis 1. J. Andrew Mendelsohn Medicine and the Making of Bodily Inequality in Twentieth-Century Europe 2. Michael Worboys From Heredity to Infection? Tuberculosis, 1870-1890 3. JoAnne Brown Purity and Danger in Colour: Notes on, Germ Theory and the Semantics of Segregation, 1895-1915 Part 2: Etiology and Experimental Practices 4. Olga Amsterdamska Standardizing Epidemics: Infection, Inheritance and Environment in Prewar Experiemental Epidemiology 5. Jean-Paul Gaudilliére Making Heredity in Mice and Men: the Production and Uses of Animal Models in Postwar Human Genetics 6. Angela N. H. Creager and Jean-Paul Gaudilliére Experimental Platforms and Technologies of Visualization: Cancer as Viral Epidemic, 1930-1960 Part 3: Heredity, Medicine and Health Policies 7. Patrice Pinell Degeneration Theory and Heredity Patterns between 1850 and 1900 8. Patrick Zylberman Hereditary Diseases and Environmental Factors in the 'Mixed Economy' of Public Health: René Sand and the French Social Medicine, 1920-1934 Part 4: Transmission and Medical Practices 9. Paolo Palladino From Family Pedigrees to Molecular Markers: On Cancer and Heredity at St Mark's Hospital, 1924-1995 10. Jennifer Stanton and Virginia Berridge Vertical Ancestries and Horizontal Risks: Hepatitis B and AIDS 11. Ilana Löwy Predispositions, Cofactors and Images of AIDS Conclusion Jean-Pierre Revillardshow more