The Heliosphere in the Local Interstellar Medium : Proceedings of the First ISSI Workshop 6-10 November 1995, Bern, Switzerland
In summary, we can conclude that the contributions of the different ionization processes to the total ionization rate for the most abundant interstellar species are basically known. The ionization of the noble gases He and Ne is almost completely dominated by photoionization, whereas for H charge-exchange with the solar wind is most important. For other species, such as 0 and Ar, both processes contribute significantly. Electron impact ionization can typically contribute by '" 10% to the total rate in the inner Solar System. Because direct measurements of the solar EUV flux are not yet continuously available, the variation of the ionization rate over the solar cycle still contains a relatively large uncertainty. The recent measurements of pickup ion distributions and of the neutral helium gas provide an independent tool to determine the total ionization rate that can be used to cross calibrate with the results obtained for the individual ionization processes. Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to M. Allen for supplying us with new data on photoioniza- tion cross-sections compiled by him. We thank also M. Gruntman for drawing our attention to and support in collecting the most recent data on charge-exchange cross-sections. D. R. was supported by grant No. 2 P03C. 004. 09 from the Com- mittee for Scientific Research (Poland). This work was also supported in part through NASA contract NAS7-918, NSF Grant INT-911637, NASA Grant NAGW- 2579.
- Hardback | 399 pages
- 149.9 x 241.3 x 22.9mm | 703.08g
- 30 Nov 1996
- Dordrecht, Netherlands
- 1996 ed.
- XIV, 399 p.
Back cover copy
This volume gives a comprehensive and integrated overview of the current knowledge about the local interstellar medium (LISM) surrounding our heliosphere (HS). It is the result of the first workshop at ISSI, where both space physicists and astronomers presented and discussed their views on the density, velocity, temperature, composition, and morphology of the LISM and how it interacts with the HS. The volume is unique in its combination of data obtained by remote UV, EUV, and X-ray observations outside the HS with in situ observations of interstellar atoms, ions, and dust inside the HS. It thus demonstrates a new synergy between these two communities. The book is intended to provide active researchers in space physics and in astronomy with an up-to-date status report of its topic, and also to serve the advanced graduate student with introductory material into the field.
Table of contents
Science as an Adventure.- The Heliosphere.- The Heliosphere.- The Heliospheric Magnetic Field.- The Solar Wind: A Turbulent Magnetohydrodynamic Medium.- Voyager Observations of the Magnetic Field, Interstellar Pickup Ions and Solar Wind in the Distant Heliosphere.- Origin of C+ Ions in the Heliosphere.- Radio Emissions from the Outer Heliosphere.- A Summary of Solar Wind Observations at High Latitudes: Ulysses.- Ionization Processes in the Heliosphere - Rates and Methods of Their Determination.- 3-D Magnetic Field and Current System in the Heliosphere.- Modelling the Heliosphere.- The Termination Shock.- The Termination Shock of the Solar Wind.- Composition of Anomalous Cosmic Rays and Implications for the Heliosphere.- Implications of a Weak Termination Shock.- The Acceleration of Pickup Ions.- The Isotopic Composition of Anomalous Cosmic Rays from SAMPEX.- The Local Interstellar Medium.- GHRS Observations of the LISM.- In Situ Measurements of Interstellar Dust with the Ulysses and Galileo Spaceprobes.- The Local Bubble, Current State of Observations and Models.- The Local Bubble, Origin and Evolution.- The Interstellar Gas Flow Through the Heliospheric Interface Region.- LISM Structure - Fragmented Superbubble Shell?.- Relative Ionizations in the Nearest Interstellar Gas.- Properties of the Interstellar Gas Inside the Heliosphere.- Local Clouds: Distribution, Density and Kinematics Through Ground-Based and HST Spectroscopy.- Possible Shock Wave in the Local Interstellar Plasma, Very Close to the Heliosphere.- Interstellar Grains in the Solar System: Requirements for an Analysis.- Modelling of the Interstellar Hydrogen Distribution in the Heliosphere.- Observations of the Local Interstellar Medium with the Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer.- Recent Results on the Parameters of the Interstellar Helium from the Ulysses/GAS Experiment.- Interaction Between HS And Lism.- Physical and Chemical Characteristics of the ISM Inside and Outside the Heliosphere.- Axisymmetric Self-Consistent Model of the Solar Wind Interaction with the LISM: Basic Results and Possible Ways of Development.- UV Studies and the Solar Wind.- Quasilinear Relaxation of Interstellar Pickup Ions.- The Abundance of Atomic 1H, 4He, and 3He in the Local Interstellar Cloud from Pickup Ion Observations with SWICS on Ulysses.- Physics of Interplanetary and Interstellar Dust.- Relations Between ISM Inside and Outside the Heliosphere.- The Local Interstellar Medium Viewed Through Pickup Ions, Recent Results and Future Perspectives.- Moment Equation Description of Interstellar Hydrogen.- Pickup Protons in the Heliosphere.- Author index.