Heeren's Works; Tr. from the German Volume 8

Heeren's Works; Tr. from the German Volume 8

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1842 edition. Excerpt: ...Thucyd. viii. i. 5 See, on this subject, Aristot. Polit. iv. 15. The practical politicians, no less than the theorists, were perplexed in defining the word. An important passage may be found in JSschin. in Ctesiphont. iii. p. 397, &c, Reisk. ought to be reckoned in the number of magistrates, as will be apparent from calling to mind the inferior officers. But no important misunderstanding can arise, if we are careful to affix to the word the double idea of possessing a part of the executive power; and of gaining, in consequence of the importance of the business entrusted to them, a higher degree of consideration, than belonged to the common citizen. In the republican constitutions of the Greeks a second idea was attached to that of a magistracy; it was necessary to call every magistrate to account respecting the affairs of his office.1 He who went beyond this rule, ceased to be a magistrate and became a tyrant. The magistrate was therefore compelled to recognise the sovereignty of the people. This certainly implied, that an account was to be given to the commons; but as in such constitutions not every thing was systematically established, there were some states, in which separate boards, as that of the Ephori in Sparta, usurped the right of calling the magistrates to account.2 In the inquiry respecting magistrates, says Aristotle,3 several questions are to be considered: How many magistrates there are, and how great is their authority? How long they continue in office, and whether they ought to continue long? Farther, --Who ought to be appointed? and by whom? and how? These are questions, which of themselves show, that republican states are had in view; and which lead us to anticipate that 1 They were of necessity vntv&moi. Aristot. Polit....
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Product details

  • Paperback | 98 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 191g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236518233
  • 9781236518231