Harvard Studies in Classical Philology

Harvard Studies in Classical Philology

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908 edition. Excerpt: ...As we shall see later (p. 107), the Olympian is worshipped that he may send blessing, the earth deity that he may take himself off, or that he may avert the ill which it is his proper function to visit upon man. Now the cult of Zeus Milichius was evidently connected with that of Demeter1 and that of Hecate (Enodia).2 That it was in some way connected with that of the Eleusinian deities is the opinion of Mommsen,8 because as the mystae crossed the Cephisus, on their way to Eleusis, they came to an altar of this Zeus, where, he thinks, those who were guilty of crime were purified by the Phytalidae who had served Theseus of old in the same capacity. It seems probable then that there was an ancient deity of Attica, perhaps one of the Otol /xtiAi'xun, to whom a cult was offered while as yet Zeus of the sky was unknown. This deity must have been of a gruesome character and his festival, the chief feast of ancient Attica, was a period of gloom. He became syncretized with Zeus, as Attica came into contact with Zeus-worshipping tribes, and Milichius became Zeus Milichius. The cult, however, continued to befit the old rather than the new conception, and Zeus of the sky was worshipped with the apotropaic rites appropriate to the earth deity which he had absorbed.4 Demeter and Cora, Hecate, Aesculapius, and the heroes; for Helius, cf. Porph. de alst. 4, 16. 1 C. I. A. I, 4; probably too with that of Ge, C. I. A. IV, 1, p. 190, 528'. The inscription may, however, refer not to Ge, but to Ae = Aia (?). 8 In Thessaly, Bull. de corr. Hell. XIII, 1889, p. 392. His cult was also connected with that of Helius, C. I. A. II, 3, 1585, where we have what is apparently an exception to the chthonic company kept by this Zeus. Fausanias (2, 9, 6) mentions together ancient...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 64 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 132g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236558243
  • 9781236558244