A Handbook of Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1902 edition. Excerpt: ...administered with an active cathartic. Spigelia Anthelmia, Demarara Pink-root, Worm-grass (Unofficial), --produces vomiting, dilated pupils, dyspnea, convulsions and death. If eaten by cattle they perish in great agony. It has been used with real benefit in cardiac affections of rheumatic origin, also in rheumatic fever and in cardiac palpitation with dyspnea, due to mitral and aortic disease. A tincture (I to 8) may be used in doses of rti_v-xx. STAPHISAGRIA, Stavesacre, --is the seed of Delphinium Staphisagria, an annual or biennial plant of the nat. ord. Ranunculacea', a native of Europe, having bluish or purple flowers in terminal racemes, and seeds in straight, oblong capsules. The seeds contain an alkaloid Delphinine, probably three other alkaloids, a bitter principle, a volatile oil and a fixed oil, etc. There are no official preparations. Unguentum Staphisagria:, Ointment of Staphisagria (Unofficial), --contains of the powdered seeds I part with 2 each of olive oil and lard. Delphinina, Delphinine, C, jHs5N06 (Unofficial), --is the active alkaloid, and exists in the fatty oil which is extracted by ether. Dose, gr. j'2--. Stavesacre is a violent emetic and cathartic, also parasiticide. The alkaloid is irritant to the skin if locally used, producing tingling, burning and inflammation. Internally, it lowers the activity of the heart and respiration and produces a most profound adynamia, and may prove fatal from paralysis of the spinal cord and asphyxia. In many respects its alkaloid resembles Aconitine and Veratrine. The ointment is often employed as a parasiticide against pediculi and the acarus scabiei. The fixed oil is probably equally efective. Delphinine has been used internally in asthma, rheumatism and neuralgia, and in the latter...
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- 01 Apr 2013
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