Handbook of Dynamic System Modeling

Handbook of Dynamic System Modeling

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The topic of dynamic models tends to be splintered across various disciplines, making it difficult to uniformly study the subject. Moreover, the models have a variety of representations, from traditional mathematical notations to diagrammatic and immersive depictions. Collecting all of these expressions of dynamic models, the Handbook of Dynamic System Modeling explores a panoply of different types of modeling methods available for dynamical systems. Featuring an interdisciplinary, balanced approach, the handbook focuses on both generalized dynamic knowledge and specific models. It first introduces the general concepts, representations, and philosophy of dynamic models, followed by a section on modeling methodologies that explains how to portray designed models on a computer. After addressing scale, heterogeneity, and composition issues, the book covers specific model types that are often characterized by specific visual- or text-based grammars. It concludes with case studies that employ two well-known commercial packages to construct, simulate, and analyze dynamic models. A complete guide to the fundamentals, types, and applications of dynamic models, this handbook shows how systems function and are represented over time and space and illustrates how to select a particular model based on a specific area of interest.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 760 pages
  • 180.3 x 256.5 x 45.7mm | 1,451.49g
  • Taylor & Francis Inc
  • Chapman & Hall/CRC
  • Boca Raton, FL, United States
  • English
  • 351 black & white illustrations, 28 black & white tables, 2 black & white halftones
  • 1584885653
  • 9781584885658
  • 1,837,051

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION The Languages of Dynamic System Modeling by Paul A. Fishwick Introduction Dynamic System Modeling Examples Taxonomic Approaches Language Syntax Semantics Pragmatics Summary The Dynamics of the Computational Modeling of Analogy-Making by Robert M. French Introduction Analogy-Making as Sameness Analogy-Making as a Means of "Bootstrapping" Cognition The Necessity of Malleable Representations The Dynamics of Representation-Building in Analogy-Making Context-Dependent Computational Temperature Interaction between Top-Down and Bottom-Up Processes: An Example Computational Models Implementing This Bottom-Up/Top-Down Interaction Architectural Principles How This Type of Program Works: The Details How Tabletop Finds a Reasonable Solution The Issue of Scaling Up The Potential Long-Term Impact of the Mechanisms Presented Conclusions Impact of the Semantic Web on Modeling and Simulation by John A. Miller, Congzhou He, and Julia I. Couto Introduction Semantic Web: Relevant Issues Conceptual Basis for Discrete-Event Simulation Types of Mathematical Models Adding Semantics to Simulation Models Overview of DeSO Overview of DeMO Summary Systems Engineering by Andrew P. Sage Introduction Systems Engineering The Importance of Technical Direction and Systems Management Other Parts of the Story Summary Basic Elements of Mathematical Modeling by Clive L. Dym Principles of Mathematical Modeling Dimensional Consistency and Dimensional Analysis Abstraction and Scale Conservation and Balance Principles The Role of Linearity Conclusions DEVS Formalism for Modeling of Discrete-Event Systems by Tag Gon Kim Introduction System-Theoretic DES Modeling DEVS Formalism for DES Modeling DES Analysis with DEVS Model Simulation of DEVS Model Conclusion MODELING METHODOLOGIES Domain-Specific Modeling by Jeff Gray, Juha-Pekka Tolvanen, Steven Kelly, Anirudda Gokhale, Sandeep Neema, and Jonathan Sprinkle Introduction Essential Components of a Domain-Specific Modeling Environment Case Studies in DSM Overview of Supporting Tools Conclusion Agent-Oriented Modeling in Simulation: Agents for Modeling and Modeling for Agents by Adelinde M. Uhrmacher and Mathias Rohl Introduction Agents for Modeling in Simulation Modeling and Simulation for Agents Conclusion Distributed Modeling by Simon J.E. Taylor Introduction Modeling with COTS Simulation Packages Distributed Simulation CSP-Based Distributed Simulation A Standards-Based Approach Case Study Conclusion Model Execution by Kalyan S. Perumalla Introduction Time-Stepped Execution Discrete-Event Execution Summary Discrete-Event Simulation of Continuous Systems by James Nutaro Introduction Simulating a Single Ordinary Differential Equation Simulating Coupled Ordinary Differential Equations DEVS Representation of Discrete-Event Integrators The Heat Equation Conservation Laws Two-Point Integration Schemes Conclusions MULTIOBJECT AND SYSTEM Toward a Multimodel Hierarchy to Support Multiscale Simulation by Mark S. Shephard, E. Seegyoung Seol, and Benjamin FrantzDale Introduction Functional and Information Hierarchies in Multiscale Simulation Constructing a Multimodel: Design of Functional Components to Support Multiscale Simulations Example Multimodel Simulation Procedures Closing Remarks Finite Elements by Marc Hoit and Gary Consolazio Finite Element Theory Membrane Elements Flat Plate and Shell Elements Solid Elements Dynamics Summary Multimodeling by Minho Park, Paul A. Fishwick, and Jinho Lee Introduction Scene Construction Multimodeling Exchange Language (MXL) Dynamic Exchange Language (DXL) A Boiling Water Example Conclusion Hybrid Dynamic Systems: Modeling and Execution by Pieter J. Mosterman Introduction Hybrid Dynamic Systems Hybrid Dynamic System Behaviors An Implementation Advanced Topics in Hybrid Dynamic System Simulation Pathological Behavior Classes Conclusions Theory and Practice for Simulation Interconnection: Interoperability and Composability in Defense Simulation by Ernest H. Page Introduction The Practice of Simulation Interconnection-Simulation Interoperability The Theory of Simulation Interconnection-Simulation Composability Conclusions MODEL TYPES Ordinary Differential Equations by Francisco Esquembre and Wolfgang Christian Introduction Numerical Solution Taylor Methods Runge-Kutta Methods Implementation Adaptive Step Implementation of Adaptive Step Performance and Other Methods State Events The OSP Library Difference Equations as Discrete Dynamical Systems by Hassan Sedaghat Introduction Basic Concepts First-Order Difference Equations Higher Order Difference Equations Process Algebra by J.C.M. Baeten, D.A. van Beek, and J.E. Rooda Introduction Syntax and Informal Semantics of the ? Process Algebra Algebraic Reasoning and Verification Conclusions Temporal Logic by Antony Galton Propositional Logic Introducing Temporal Logic Syntax and Semantics Models of Time Further Extensions to the Formal Language Illustrative Examples Conclusion Further Reading Modeling Dynamic Systems with Cellular Automata by Peter M.A. Sloot and Altons G. Hoekstra Introduction A Bit of History Cellular Automata to Model Dynamical Systems One-Dimensional CAs Lattice Gas Cellular Automata Models of Fluid Dynamics Spatio-Temporal Connectionist Networks by Stefan C. Kremer Introduction Connectionist Networks (CNs) Spatio-Temporal Connectionist Networks Representational Power Learning Applications Conclusion Modeling Causality with Event Relationship Graphs by Lee Schruben Introduction Background and Definitions Enrichments to Event Relations Graphs Relationships to Other Discrete-Event System Modeling Methods Simulation of Event Relationship Graphs Event Relationship Graph Analysis Experimenting with ERGs Petri Nets for Dynamic Event-Driven System Modeling by Jiacun Wang Introduction Petri Net Definition Transition Firing Modeling Power Petri Net Properties Analysis of Petri Nets Colored Petri Nets Timed Petri Nets Concluding Remark Queueing System Models by Christos G. Cassandras Introduction Specification of Queueing System Models Performance of a Queueing System Queueing System Dynamics Little's Law Simple Markovian Queueing Models Markovian Queueing Networks Non-Markovian Queueing Systems Port-Based Modeling of Engineering Systems in Terms of Bond Graphs by Peter Breedveld Introduction Structured Systems: Physical Components and Interaction Bond Graphs Multiport Generalizations Conclusion System Dynamics Modeling of Environmental Systems by Andrew Ford Introductory Examples Comparison of the Flowers and Sales Models Background on Daisy World The Daisy World Model The Daisy World Management Flight Simulator Dynamic Simulation with Energy Systems Language by Clay L. Montague Introduction Reading an Energy Systems Language Diagram Translating a Diagram to Dynamic Equations Calibration of Model Constants Preparation for Simulation Dynamic Output of the Marsh Sector Model A Brief Comparison with Forrester's Systems Dynamics Approach Conclusions Ecological Modeling and Simulation: From Historical Development to Individual-Based Modeling by David R.C. Hill and P. Coquillard Introduction An Old Story? Determinism or Probability? Modeling Techniques The Use of Models in Ecology Models Are Scientific Instruments Levels of Organization and Methodological Choices Individual-Based Models Applications Conclusion Ontology-Based Simulation in Agriculture and Natural Resources by Howard Beck, Rohit Badal, and Yunchul Jung Introduction Ways in Which Ontologies Can Be Applied to Simulation How to Build an Ontology-Based Simulation-Bioprocessing Example Tools for Ontology-Based Simulation Conclusions Modeling Human Interaction in Organizational Systems by Stewart Robinson Introduction Systems and Human Interaction Why Model Human Interaction? Modeling Human Interaction: Research and Practice The KBI Methodology A Case Study: Modeling Human Decision Making at Ford Motor Company Conclusion Military Modeling by Roger Smith Introduction Applications Representation Dynamics Modeling Approach Military Simulation Systems Conclusion Dynamic Modeling in Management Science by Michael Pidd Introduction An Approach to Dynamic Systems Modeling in Management Science Discrete Event Simulation System Dynamics in Management Science Model Validation Chapter Summary Modeling and Analysis of Manufacturing Systems by E. Lefeber and J.E. Rooda Introduction Preliminaries Analytical Models for Steady-State Analysis Discrete-Event Models Effective Process Times Control of Manufacturing Systems: A Framework Standard Fluid Model and Extensions Flow Models Conclusions Sensor Network Component-Based Simulator by Boleslaw K. Szymanski and Gilbert Gang Chen The Need for a New Sensor Network Simulator Component Simulation Toolkit Wireless Sensor Network Simulation Conclusions CASE STUDIES Multidomain Modeling with Modelica by Martin Otter, Hilding Elmqvist, and Sven Erik Mattsson Modelica Overview Modelica Basics Modelica Libraries Symbolic Processing of Modelica Models Outlook Acknowledgments On Simulation of Simulink(R) Models for Model-Based Design by Rohit Shenoy, Brian McKay, and Pieter J. Mosterman Introduction The Case Study Example Designing with Simulation Obtaining Computational Models The Robotic Arm Model Using Computational Models for Control Design Testing with Model-Based Design Conclusionsshow more

About Paul A. Fishwick

University of Florida, Gainesville, USAshow more

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