Contents. Preface. About Virtual Partitions. Virtual Partitions (vPars) Background. Uses of Virtual Partitions. Organization of the Book. Relevant URLs. Manual Pages Supplied with the Book. Acknowledgments. Duane Zitzner. The Author - Marty Poniatowski. Francis Huang - vPars. Expert and Reviewer. Geff Blaha - vPars Expert and Reviewer. Hayden Brown - vPars Expert.Conventions Used in the Book. 1. Installing HP-UX11i andVirtualPartitionsSoftware. @@AHEADS = Introduction to Virtual Partitions. Selecting the Disks on Which to the Load Software. Loading the Software. Loading the Software Required for Virtual Partitions. Non-vPars-Specific Section of Chapter - Install HP-UX 11i Operating. Environment. Booting the System and "Advanced Installation". Setting the System Parameters after Booting. Software Distributor Example. Loading Patches. Software Distributor Background. Installing and Updating Software (Command Line or GUI). Copying Software to a Depot (Command Line or GUI). Removing Software from a System (Command Line or GUI). List Information about Installation Software. Configure Installed Software. Verify Software. Package Software That Can Later Be Installed (Local Sys Only). Control Access to Software Distributor Objects. Modify Information about Loaded Software (Local System Only). Register or Unregister a Depot. Manage Jobs (Command Line or GUI, this is SD-OV only). Listing the Software. Manual Pages for Commands Used in Chapter 1. "sw" command summaries.2. Working With vPars. Preparing to Create Virtual Partitions. Virtual Partitions Command Summary. Steps to Create Virtual Partitions. 1) Load HP-UX 11i. 2) Load the Virtual Partitions Application Software. 3) Gather the System Component and Hardware Paths. 4) List the Components of the Virtual Partitions. 5) Virtual Partition Kernel-Related Work. 6) Create the First Virtual Partition. 7) Boot the First Virtual Partition. 8) Create the Second Virtual Partition. 9) Boot the Second Virtual Partition. 10) Modify the Virtual Partition. Virtual Partition Dump Files. Summary.3. Booting and vPars. Background. Virtual Partition Boot Process Overview. Virtual Partition Boot States. setboot Command and vPars. Other Boot Topics. Non-vPars-Specific Section of Chapter: Boot Process Overview. Boot Console Handler (BCH) & Processor Dependent Code (PDC). PDC Commands. Initial System Load. HPUX Secondary System Loader (hpux). Secure Web Console. Connecting and Configuring the Secure Web Console. Configuring the Guardian Service Processor (GSP). Manual Pages for Commands Used in Chapter 3. Boot. Hpux. Isl. Pdc.4. Building an HP-UXKernel. Virtual Partitions and the Kernel. Virtual Partition Kernel-Related Work. Devices and Virtual Partitions. Non-vPar Specific Section of Chapter - Modify and Build an HP-UX. Kernel. Dynamically Loadable Kernel Modules. Building a Kernel. Description of Kernel Parameters. Kernel Parameters. Overview of Select Kernel Parameters.5. Virtual Partitions and Devices. Background on Virtual Partitions and Devices. Virtual Partitions and Local Bus Adapters. Virtual Partitions and Processors. Virtual Partitions and Memory. Virtual Partitions and LAN. Virtual Partitions and the Console. Adding and Removing Devices in Virtual Partitions. Non-vPar Specific Section of Chapter - Background on Device Files and Peripherals. Device Files in HP-UX 11i. An Example of Adding a Peripheral. Memory Management - Kind of Related to Device Files. Cache Memory. Checking Available RAM. Managing Cache and RAM. Virtual Memory. Swap.6. Users and Groups. Virtual Partitions and Users. Individual User Setup. Application Users. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter - Set Up Users and Groups. Assigning Users to Groups. NIS for Managing Users. What Does NIS Manage? How Do I Plan For NIS? How Do I Configure an NIS Master Or Slave Server? How Do I Configure an NIS Client? How Do I Maintain My NIS Environment?7.Backup. Backup of Virtual Partitions. Backup to a Tape Drive on the Local Virtual Partition. Backup to a Tape Drive on a Different Local Virtual Partition. Backup of Virtual Partitions Using SAM. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter - Built-in Backup Programs. Tar. Cpio. fbackup and frecover. Dd. dump and restore.8. System Startup and Shutdown Scripts. System Startup and Shutdown Scripts in Virtual Partitions. Application Startup in Virtual Partitions. Virtual Partition Startup. Non-vPar Specific-Section of Chapter - Introduction. System Startup and Shutdown Scripts. System Shutdown. Chapter 9 File Systems.Virtual Partition File Systems. Separate vPars File Systems. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter: Introduction. Veritas Volume Manager. Logical Volume Manager Background. Logical Volume Manager Terms. Disk Mirroring. Logical Volume Manager Commands. Adding Disks. Commonly Used LVM Procedures. Reconfiguring Some Disks: An Example of Using Some Logical Volume. Commands. Why Change? Optional Procedure to Exchange Dump Priorities. HP VERITAS Volume Manager. HP VERITAS Volume Manager Setup. Volume Manager Storage Administrator. HP VERITAS Volume Manager Mirroring and Striping. Some Additional File-System-Related Commands. Viewing File Systems with bdf. File System Maintenance with fsck. Initializing with mediainit.10. Ignite-UX. Ignite-UX Bootable Recovery Achive for Virtual Partitions. Creating Bootable Recovery Archives for vPars. Using Ignite-UX GUI to Create a vPar Archive. Virtual Partition Recovery. Virtual Partition Installation with Ignite-UX. Ignite-UX and vPars Cookbook. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter: Ignite-UX Overview. Set up Server with Depots and Install Clients. Run Ignite-UX GUI. System Recovery with Ignite-UX. An Example of Creating a Bootable System Recovery Tape. Running the check_recovery Command. Manual Pages for Commands Used in Chapter 10. make_net_recovery.11. System Administration Manager(SAM). SAM and Virtual Partitions. Virtual Partitions. Backup Using SAM. Users and SAM. ServiceControl Manager (SCM) and Virtual Partitions. System Configuration Repository (SCR) and Virtual Partitions. Using SCR. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter: SAM Overview. Running and Using SAM as Superuser. Author's Disclaimer: SAM is a Moving Target. Running Restricted SAM Builder. Initially Setting User Privileges. Accounts for Users and Groups. Adding a User. Adding a Group. Auditing and Security. Audited Events and Audited System Calls. Audited Users. Authenticated Commands. System Security Policies. Backup and Recovery. Scheduling a Backup. Interactive Backup and Recovery. Performing a Restore. Clusters. Disks and File Systems. Disk Devices. File Systems. Logical Volumes. Swap. Volume Groups. Display. Kernel Configuration. Configurable Parameters. Drivers. Dump Devices. Subsystems. Networking and Communications. Bootable Devices. DNS (BIND). Hosts. NIS. NIS+. Name Service Switch. Network Interface Cards. Network Services. Network File Systems. System Access. Partition Manager. Performance Monitors. Disk and Terminal Activity. GlancePlus. Inter-Process Communication Facility Status. Processes with Highest CPU Usage. System Activity. System Properties. Virtual Memory Activity. Peripheral Devices. Cards. Device List. Tape Drives. Terminals and Modems. Uninterruptable Power Supplies. Printers and Plotters. Print Requests. Printers and Plotters. Save/Restore Spooler Configuration. Process Management. Process Control. Scheduling Cron Jobs. Routine Tasks. Backup and Recovery. Selective File Removal. System Log Files. System Shutdown. Run SAM on Remote Systems. Software Management. Time. NFS Diskless Concepts. ServiceControl Manager (SCM) Overview.12. Performance Topics. Performance and Virtual Partitions. Sar and ioscan with Disks. Uptime. Networking. HP GlancePlus/UX. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter: Introduction. Standard UNIX Commands. I/O and CPU Statistics with iostat. Virtual Memory Statistics with vmstat. Network Statistics with netstat. Checking Processes with ps. Killing a Process. Signals. Showing Remote Mounts with showmount. Showing System Swap. sar: The System Activity Reporter. Using timex to Analyze a Command. More Advanced and Graphical Performance Tools. HP GlancePlus/UX. Process List Description. CPU Report Screen Description. Memory Report Screen Description. Disk Report Screen Description. GlancePlus Summary. Using VantagePoint Performance Agent to Identify Bottlenecks. HP VantagePoint Performance Agent and HP VantagePoint Performance An-alyzer/UX.13. Networking. Virtual Partitions and Networking. Virtual Partition Host-Related Information. Using the Two Networking Cards With Telnet. Non-vPar-Specific Section of Chapter: Networking Background. UNIX Networking. An Overview of IEEE802.3, TCP/IP. Physical Layer. Link Layer. Network Layer. Transport Layer. Internet Protocol (IP) Addressing. Subnet Mask. Using Networking. ARPA Services (Communication among Systems w/ Different OS). Berkeley Commands (Communication between UNIX Systems). Host Name Mapping. /etc/hosts. /etc/hosts.equiv. /.rhosts. Network File System (NFS). Set Up DNS Servers Using BIND 8.1.2 on HP-UX 11.0 and 11i. A Word on Slave (Secondary) Name Servers. A Word on Cache-Only Name Servers. A Final Word on Name Server Setup. Other Networking Commands and Setup. Ping. Netstat. Route. Ifconfig. Rpcinfo. Arp. Lanadmin. Ndd. Nslookup.14. Common Desktop Environment. CDE and Virtual Partitions. Custom Greeting for Different Virtual Partitions. Menu Picks for Virtual Partitions. Non-vPars-Specific Part of Chapter: Introduction. Why a Graphical User Interface (GUI)? CDE Basics 894 CDE on AIX and HP-UX. CDE on Solaris. Customizing CDE. Making Changes Using Style Manager. Backdrop and Colors. Adding Objects to or Removing Objects from the Front Panel. Changing the Front Panel in Other Ways. Modifying Things in Slide-up Subpanels. Front Panel Animation. Adding Items to the Workspace Menu. Creating Control Buttons, Actions, and File Types. Using Different Fonts. Changing the Login Picture. CDE - Advanced Topics. The X Window System. Motif. CDE. X, Motif, and CDE Configuration Files. X Configuration Files. Motif Configuration Files. CDE Configuration Files. CDE Configuration File Locations. How Configuration Files Play Together. Specifying Appearance and Behavior. The Sequence of Events When CDE Starts. CDE and Performance. Tactics for Better Performance. Conclusion.Appendix A. Virtual Partitions Online Manual. Man Pages.Appendix B. Superdome Virtual Partitions. Superdome vPars. The Hierarchy of Partitions. nPartition and Superdome Background. Working With nPartitions and vPars. Defining and Configuring the Four vPars. The Console.Index.