A Guide to the Antiquities of the Bronze Age; In the Department of British and Mediaeval Antiquities
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1904 edition. Excerpt: ...El Argar, Almeria. mens. Other objects in Cases 38, 39 are pounding-stones for grain, a piece of burnt wattle-and-daub showing the material used for huts, also casts of bronze objects and of a skull with r versed diadem and ear-ornaments as found in an urn (fig. 40). The open celt-mould could only be used for copper, not for bronze. INDIA: Cases 47, 48. The great southern peninsula has been regarded by more than one archaeologist as the first home, of the Bronze industry, but reasons have already been given to show that the theory is as yet unsupported by sufficient evidence: we have here to consider the principal discoveries of early metal implements or weapons which have hitherto been recorded. The most remarkable of these was made in 1870 at Gungeria, about forty miles from Boorha, Mhow Taluk, Balaghat, Central India, where more than 400 flat celts (plate vn) and a number of thin silver ornaments (fig. 42), some circular, others cut into the outline of the heads of oxen, were found together. Analysis of some specimens showed that the metal was not bronze but copper, and this fact, supported by analysis of other implements from different localities in the Calcutta Museum, is held to prove the existence of a primitive copper stage in Hindustan. Doubts have been cast, however, on the extreme antiquity of the Gungeria find, partly because the silver ornaments are not very primitive in appearance, partly because the existence of two distinct forms among the celts suggests previous stages of development. The flat shape certainly does not prove as much as it would in Europe, for in Asia there is no evolution from the flat type through the winged to the socketed celt. On the other hand, silver has already been met with at a very early time in Spain...
- Paperback | 52 pages
- 189 x 246 x 3mm | 109g
- 04 Jul 2012
- Miami Fl, United States
- Illustrations, black and white