The Greeks

The Greeks : History, Culture, and Society

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Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each more

Product details

  • Paperback | 576 pages
  • 185.42 x 228.6 x 27.94mm | 748.42g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0205697348
  • 9780205697342
  • 111,104

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Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each more

About Ian Morris

Ian Morris is the Jean and Rebecca Willard Professor of Classics and Professor of History at Stanford University, where he teaches large lecture courses on ancient empires and Greek history. He is either the author or the editor of nine books on ancient history and archaeology, and directs a major archaeological excavation in Sicily. His latest book, Why the West Rules ... For Now will appear in 2010. He has lectured at universities across America and Europe, and r appeared on television on the History Channel, Discovery Channel, and A&E Channel. Barry B. Powell is the Halls-Bascom Professor of Classics Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where in his long career he was well known as a teacher of large lecture classes in ancient civilization and myth and for seminars on Homer. He has lectured in many countries and is the author of the bestselling Classical Myth (6th edition, 2008), widely used in college courses. He is best known as the author of Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet (1991), which argues that the Greek alphabet was invented in order to record the poems of Homer. With Ian Morris he published the internationally admired A New Companion to Homer (1997). The 2nd edition of his popular introductory text Homer appeared in 2007, and he has written numerous other books, articles, screenplays, a novel, poetry, and a mock-epic The War at Troy: A True History (2006). He Recently, he appeared on the History Channel special Troy: The True Story (2005). His study Writing: Theory and History of the Technology of Civilization (2008) establishes a scientific terminology for studying the history of more

Table of contents

Contents MapsPrefacePronunciation GuideAbout the AuthorsCredits 1.      A Small, Far-Off Land            Historical Sketch            Why Study the Greeks?            Who Were the Greeks?            The Structure of This Book: History, Culture, and Society            Key Terms            Further Reading2.      Country and People            Greek Geography, Climate, and Agriculture            Demography            Migration            Health and Disease            Nutrition            Economic Growth in Ancient Greece            Key Terms            Further Reading3.      The Greeks at Home            Gender Relationships: Ideals and Realities            Sexuality            Adults and Children            Key Terms            Further Reading4.      The Greeks Before History, 12,000-1200 B.C.            The End of the Last Ice Age, 12,000-11,000 B.C.            The Origins of Agriculture, 11,000-5000 B.C.            Greeks and Indo-Europeans            Neolithic Society and Economy, 5000-3000 B.C.            The Early Bronze Age, 3000-2300 B.C.            The Middle Bronze Age, 2300-800 B.C.            The Age of Minoan Palaces, 2000-600 B.C.            The Rise of Mycenaean Greece, 1750-500 B.C.            The End of Minoan Civilization, 1600-1400 B.C.            Mycenaean Greece: Archaeology, Linear B, and Homer            The End of the Bronze Age, circa 200 B.C.            Key Terms            Further Reading5.      The Dark Age, 1200-800 B.C.            The Collapse of the Old States            Life Among the Ruins            Dark Age Heroes            Art and Trade in the Dark Age            The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Economy            The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Society                      The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Culture            Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading6.      Homer            The Homeric Question            Milman Parry and Oral Poetry            The Oral Poet in Homer            Heinrich Schliemann and the Trojan War            The Tragic Iliad            Homer and the Invention of Plot            The Comic Odyssey            Odysseus and Homer            Key Terms            Further Reading7.      Religion and Myth            Definitions of Religion and Myth            Hesiodâ s Myth of the Origin of the Gods            Greek Religion in History            Forms of Greek Religious Practice            Hesiodâ s Myth of Sacrifice            Gods and Other Mysterious Beings            Chthonic Religion            The Ungrateful Dead and the Laying of the Ghost            Ecstatic and Mystical Religion            Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading8.      Ancient Greece, 800-480 B.C.: Economy, Society, Politics            Government by Oligarchy            Elite Culture            The Tyrants            The Structure of Archaic States            Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading9.      The Archaic Cultural Revolution, 700-480 B.C.            Natural Philosophy in Miletus             Pythagoras: Philosophy and Social Science in the West            Hecataeus, Herodotus, and Histori�                 Lyric poets            Material Culture             Art and Thought in Sixth-Century Greece            Key Terms            Further Reading10.    A Tale of Two Archaic Cities: Sparta and Athens, 700-480 B.C.            Sparta            Spartiates, Perioikoi, and Helots            Plutarchâ s Sparta            Spartan Government            Athens            The Seventh-Century Crisis            Solon            Pisistratus and the Consequences of Solonâ s Reforms            D�mokratia            Athens Submits to Persia            Key Terms            Further Reading          11.    Persia and the Greeks, 550-490 B.C.            Empires of the Ancient Near East            Lydia            Cyrus and the Rise of Persia, 559â 530 B.C.            Cambyses and Darius, 530â 52 B.C.            Persiaâ s Northwest Frontier and the Ionian Revolt, 52â 494 B.C.             The Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.             Key Terms            Further Reading                     12.    The Great War, 480-479 B.C.            Storm Clouds in the West            Storm Clouds in the East            The Storm Breaks in the West: The Battle of Himera, 480 B.C.             The Storm Breaks in the East: The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 B.C.             The Fall of Athens                      The Battle of Salamis                      The End of the Storm: Battles of Plataea and Mycale, 479 B.C.             Conclusion             Key Terms               Further Reading13.    Democracy and Empire; Athens and Syracuse, 479-431 B.C.            The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479â 461 B.C.             The Western Democracies, 461â 433 B.C.             Economic Growth in Western Greece, 479â 433 B.C. Cimon and the Creation of the Athenian Empire, 478â 461 B.C.            The First Peloponnesian War, 460â 446 B.C.             Pericles and the Consolidation of Athenian Power, 446â 433 B.C.             Economic Growth in the Aegean            The Edge of the Abyss, 433â 431 B.C.             Key Terms            Further Reading14.    Art and Thought in the Fifth Century B.C.         Philosophy            Material Culture            Key Terms            Further Reading15.    Fifth-Century Drama            Tragedy            The City of Dionysia            The Theater of Dionysus            Narrative Structure            Character and Other Dimensions of Tragedy            Tragic Plots            Conclusion            The Origins of Comedy            The Plots of Old Comedy            The Structures of Old Comedy            Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading16.    The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath, 431-399 B.C.            The Archidamian War, 431â 421 B.C.             The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, 421â 413 B.C.             Sicily and the Carthaginian War, 412â 404 B.C.             The Ionian War, 412â 404 B.C.             Aftermath, 404â 399 B.C.             Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading17.    The Greeks between Persia and Carthage, 399-360 B.C.            Spartaâ s Empire, 404â 360 B.C.             Economy, Society, and War            Spartaâ s Collapse, 371 B.C.             Anarchy in the Aegean, 371â 360 B.C.             Carthage and Syracuse, 404â 360 B.C.             The Golden Age of Syracuse, 393â 367 B.C.             Anarchy in the West, 367â 345 B.C.             Conclusion                 Key Terms            Further Reading18.    Greek Culture in the Fourth Century B.C.            Material Culture            Plato            Aristotle            Conclusion             Key Terms            Further Reading19.    The Warlords of Macedon I: Philip II and Alexander the King             Macedonia before Philip II            Philipâ s Struggle for Survival, 359â 357 B.C.            Philip Consolidates His Position, 357â 352 B.C.             Philip Seeks a Greek Peace, 352â 346 B.C.             The Struggle for a Greek Peace, 346â 338 B.C.             Philipâ s End, 338â 336 B.C.             Alexander the King            The Conquest of Persia, 334â 330 B.C.            Key Terms            Further Reading20.    The Warlords of Macedon II: Alexander the God            The Fall of the Great King Darius, 331-330 B.C.            After the War, 330â 324 B.C.            War in India, 327â 326 B.C.            The Long March Home, 326â 324 B.C.            The Last Days, 324â 323 B.C.             Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading21.    The Successors to Alexander, 323â 220 B.C             The Wars of the Successors, 323â 301 B.C             The Hellenistic World after Ipsus            The Seleucid Empire             Ptolemaic Egypt            The Antigonids: Macedonia                      Key Terms                      Further Reading22.    The Greek Poleis, 323â 220 B.C            Impoverishment and Depopulation in Mainland Greece                   Athens in Decline            Spartaâ s Counterrevolution             The Western Greeks: Agathocles of Syracuse (361â 289/8 B.C)             Pyrrhus of Epirus            Hellenistic Society: The Weakening of the Egalitarian Ideal            Conclusion                      Key Terms                      Further Reading23.    Hellenistic Culture, 323â 30 B.C.             Hellenistic Historians            Poetry            Material Culture            Hellenistic Philosophy            Medicine            Quantitative Science in the Hellenistic Age            Conclusion            Key Terms            Further Reading24.    The Coming of Rome, 220â 30 B.C.             The Rise of Rome, 753â 280 B.C.             Rome, Carthage, and the Western Greeks, 280â 200 B.C.             Rome Breaks the Hellenistic Empires, 200â 167 B.C.             Consequences of the Wars: The Greeks             Consequences of the Wars: The Romans             New Roman Army            The Agony of the Aegean, 99â 70 B.C.             Pompeyâ s Greek Settlement, 70â 62 B.C.            The End of Hellenistic Egypt, 61â 30 B.C.             Aftermath            Key Terms            Further Reading25.    Conclusion            The Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 B.C.; Chapter 4)            The Dark Age (c. 1200-700 B.C.; Chapter 5)            The Archaic Period (c. 700-500 B.C.; Chapters 6-10)            The Classical Period (c. 500-350 B.C.; Chapters 11-18)            The Macedonian Takeover (c. 350-323 B.C.; Chapters 19-22)            The Hellenistic Period (c. 323-30 B.C.; Chapters 23-24)            Conclusionshow more
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