The Greeks

The Greeks : History, Culture, and Society

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Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each more

Product details

  • Paperback | 576 pages
  • 185.42 x 228.6 x 27.94mm | 748.42g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0205697348
  • 9780205697342
  • 118,387

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Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each more

About Ian Morris

Ian Morris is the Jean and Rebecca Willard Professor of Classics and Professor of History at Stanford University, where he teaches large lecture courses on ancient empires and Greek history. He is either the author or the editor of nine books on ancient history and archaeology, and directs a major archaeological excavation in Sicily. His latest book, Why the West Rules ... For Now will appear in 2010. He has lectured at universities across America and Europe, and r appeared on television on the History Channel, Discovery Channel, and A&E Channel. Barry B. Powell is the Halls-Bascom Professor of Classics Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where in his long career he was well known as a teacher of large lecture classes in ancient civilization and myth and for seminars on Homer. He has lectured in many countries and is the author of the bestselling Classical Myth (6th edition, 2008), widely used in college courses. He is best known as the author of Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet (1991), which argues that the Greek alphabet was invented in order to record the poems of Homer. With Ian Morris he published the internationally admired A New Companion to Homer (1997). The 2nd edition of his popular introductory text Homer appeared in 2007, and he has written numerous other books, articles, screenplays, a novel, poetry, and a mock-epic The War at Troy: A True History (2006). He Recently, he appeared on the History Channel special Troy: The True Story (2005). His study Writing: Theory and History of the Technology of Civilization (2008) establishes a scientific terminology for studying the history of more

Table of contents

Contents MapsPrefacePronunciation GuideAbout the AuthorsCredits 1. A Small, Far-Off Land Historical Sketch Why Study the Greeks? Who Were the Greeks? The Structure of This Book: History, Culture, and Society Key Terms Further Reading2. Country and People Greek Geography, Climate, and Agriculture Demography Migration Health and Disease Nutrition Economic Growth in Ancient Greece Key Terms Further Reading3. The Greeks at Home Gender Relationships: Ideals and Realities Sexuality Adults and Children Key Terms Further Reading4. The Greeks Before History, 12,000-1200 B.C. The End of the Last Ice Age, 12,000-11,000 B.C. The Origins of Agriculture, 11,000-5000 B.C. Greeks and Indo-Europeans Neolithic Society and Economy, 5000-3000 B.C. The Early Bronze Age, 3000-2300 B.C. The Middle Bronze Age, 2300-800 B.C. The Age of Minoan Palaces, 2000-600 B.C. The Rise of Mycenaean Greece, 1750-500 B.C. The End of Minoan Civilization, 1600-1400 B.C. Mycenaean Greece: Archaeology, Linear B, and Homer The End of the Bronze Age, circa 200 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading5. The Dark Age, 1200-800 B.C. The Collapse of the Old States Life Among the Ruins Dark Age Heroes Art and Trade in the Dark Age The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Economy The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Society The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Culture Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading6. Homer The Homeric Question Milman Parry and Oral Poetry The Oral Poet in Homer Heinrich Schliemann and the Trojan War The Tragic Iliad Homer and the Invention of Plot The Comic Odyssey Odysseus and Homer Key Terms Further Reading7. Religion and Myth Definitions of Religion and Myth Hesiod���s Myth of the Origin of the Gods Greek Religion in History Forms of Greek Religious Practice Hesiod���s Myth of Sacrifice Gods and Other Mysterious Beings Chthonic Religion The Ungrateful Dead and the Laying of the Ghost Ecstatic and Mystical Religion Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading8. Ancient Greece, 800-480 B.C.: Economy, Society, Politics Government by Oligarchy Elite Culture The Tyrants The Structure of Archaic States Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading9. The Archaic Cultural Revolution, 700-480 B.C. Natural Philosophy in Miletus Pythagoras: Philosophy and Social Science in the West Hecataeus, Herodotus, and Histori��� Lyric poets Material Culture Art and Thought in Sixth-Century Greece Key Terms Further Reading10. A Tale of Two Archaic Cities: Sparta and Athens, 700-480 B.C. Sparta Spartiates, Perioikoi, and Helots Plutarch���s Sparta Spartan Government Athens The Seventh-Century Crisis Solon Pisistratus and the Consequences of Solon���s Reforms D���mokratia Athens Submits to Persia Key Terms Further Reading 11. Persia and the Greeks, 550-490 B.C. Empires of the Ancient Near East Lydia Cyrus and the Rise of Persia, 559���530 B.C. Cambyses and Darius, 530���52 B.C. Persia���s Northwest Frontier and the Ionian Revolt, 52���494 B.C. The Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading 12. The Great War, 480-479 B.C. Storm Clouds in the West Storm Clouds in the East The Storm Breaks in the West: The Battle of Himera, 480 B.C. The Storm Breaks in the East: The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 B.C. The Fall of Athens The Battle of Salamis The End of the Storm: Battles of Plataea and Mycale, 479 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading13. Democracy and Empire; Athens and Syracuse, 479-431 B.C. The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479���461 B.C. The Western Democracies, 461���433 B.C. Economic Growth in Western Greece, 479���433 B.C. Cimon and the Creation of the Athenian Empire, 478���461 B.C. The First Peloponnesian War, 460���446 B.C. Pericles and the Consolidation of Athenian Power, 446���433 B.C. Economic Growth in the Aegean The Edge of the Abyss, 433���431 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading14. Art and Thought in the Fifth Century B.C. Philosophy Material Culture Key Terms Further Reading15. Fifth-Century Drama Tragedy The City of Dionysia The Theater of Dionysus Narrative Structure Character and Other Dimensions of Tragedy Tragic Plots Conclusion The Origins of Comedy The Plots of Old Comedy The Structures of Old Comedy Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading16. The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath, 431-399 B.C. The Archidamian War, 431���421 B.C. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, 421���413 B.C. Sicily and the Carthaginian War, 412���404 B.C. The Ionian War, 412���404 B.C. Aftermath, 404���399 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading17. The Greeks between Persia and Carthage, 399-360 B.C. Sparta���s Empire, 404���360 B.C. Economy, Society, and War Sparta���s Collapse, 371 B.C. Anarchy in the Aegean, 371���360 B.C. Carthage and Syracuse, 404���360 B.C. The Golden Age of Syracuse, 393���367 B.C. Anarchy in the West, 367���345 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading18. Greek Culture in the Fourth Century B.C. Material Culture Plato Aristotle Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading19. The Warlords of Macedon I: Philip II and Alexander the King Macedonia before Philip II Philip���s Struggle for Survival, 359���357 B.C. Philip Consolidates His Position, 357���352 B.C. Philip Seeks a Greek Peace, 352���346 B.C. The Struggle for a Greek Peace, 346���338 B.C. Philip���s End, 338���336 B.C. Alexander the King The Conquest of Persia, 334���330 B.C. Key Terms Further Reading20. The Warlords of Macedon II: Alexander the God The Fall of the Great King Darius, 331-330 B.C. After the War, 330���324 B.C. War in India, 327���326 B.C. The Long March Home, 326���324 B.C. The Last Days, 324���323 B.C. Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading21. The Successors to Alexander, 323���220 B.C The Wars of the Successors, 323���301 B.C The Hellenistic World after Ipsus The Seleucid Empire Ptolemaic Egypt The Antigonids: Macedonia Key Terms Further Reading22. The Greek Poleis, 323���220 B.C Impoverishment and Depopulation in Mainland Greece Athens in Decline Sparta���s Counterrevolution The Western Greeks: Agathocles of Syracuse (361���289/8 B.C) Pyrrhus of Epirus Hellenistic Society: The Weakening of the Egalitarian Ideal Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading23. Hellenistic Culture, 323���30 B.C. Hellenistic Historians Poetry Material Culture Hellenistic Philosophy Medicine Quantitative Science in the Hellenistic Age Conclusion Key Terms Further Reading24. The Coming of Rome, 220���30 B.C. The Rise of Rome, 753���280 B.C. Rome, Carthage, and the Western Greeks, 280���200 B.C. Rome Breaks the Hellenistic Empires, 200���167 B.C. Consequences of the Wars: The Greeks Consequences of the Wars: The Romans New Roman Army The Agony of the Aegean, 99���70 B.C. Pompey���s Greek Settlement, 70���62 B.C. The End of Hellenistic Egypt, 61���30 B.C. Aftermath Key Terms Further Reading25. Conclusion The Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 B.C.; Chapter 4) The Dark Age (c. 1200-700 B.C.; Chapter 5) The Archaic Period (c. 700-500 B.C.; Chapters 6-10) The Classical Period (c. 500-350 B.C.; Chapters 11-18) The Macedonian Takeover (c. 350-323 B.C.; Chapters 19-22) The Hellenistic Period (c. 323-30 B.C.; Chapters 23-24) Conclusionshow more

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