Greek Philosophers : Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Greek Philosophers contains essays on three of the most important figures in the history of Western philosophy: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Almost uniquely for someone whose thought has been so influential, Socrates wrote nothing himself, and our knowledge of his philosophical opinions and method is derived mainly form the engaging and infuriating figure who appears in Plato's dialogues. The philosophy of Socrates and Plato is therefore closely interconnected and, and the most powerful elements of Plato's mature thought form the basis of an interpretation of knowledge, reality and morality which is still held and debated by philosophers today. Aristotle's approach to these and other issues is in many ways directly opposed to that of Plato, and has been no less influential. His scientific explorations and systematic philosophical investigation have been instrumental in the development of Western philosophy as we know it, and he remains a pivotal figure in metaphysical and ethical thinking.
- Paperback | 340 pages
- 129.5 x 195.1 x 19.3mm | 258.78g
- 31 May 2001
- Oxford University Press
- Oxford Paperbacks
- Oxford, United Kingdom
- New edition
- New edition
- references, index
About C. C. W. Taylor
Jonathan Barnes is Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Geneva. R. M. Hare is Professor Emeritus of Moral Philosophy at Oxford University, Fellow of Corpus Christi College, and Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of Florida. C. C. W. Taylor is a Fellow of Corpus Christi College and a Reader in Philosophy at Oxford University.
Table of contents
Preface; SOCRATES, BY C. C. W. TAYLOR; 1. Introduction; 2. Life; Trial and death; 3. Socratic literature and the Socratic problem; 4. Plato's Socrates; 5. Socrates and later philosophy; 6. Conclusion; PLATO, BY R. M. HARE; 1. Life and times; 2. Plato's forebears; 3. How Plato became a philosopher; 4. Understanding Plato; 5. Knowing things; 6. Definition, dialectic, and the good; 7. Education and the good life; 8. The divided mind; 9. The authoritarian State; 10. Plato's achievement; ARISTOTLE, BY JONATHAN BARNES; 1. The man and his work; 2. A public figure; 3. Zoological researches; 4. Collecting facts; 5. The philosophical background; 6. The structure of the sciences; 7. Logic; 8. Knowledge; 9. Ideal and achievement; 10. Reality; 11. Change; 12. Causes; 13. Empiricism; 14. Aristotle's world-picture; 15. Psychology; 16. Evidence and theory; 17. Teleology; 18. Practical philosophy; 19. The arts; 20. Afterlife; Chronological table; References and further reading; Index