Greater Than the Parts

Greater Than the Parts : Holism in Biomedicine, 1920-1950

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Description

The history of orthodox biomedicine in the twentieth century is usually depicted as one of icreasing reductionism and dependence on laboratory sciences and technology. Holism today is commonly regarded as an alternative to regular healing and a reaction to it. In fact, in the interwar years, clinicians and basic scientists in Europe and North America responded to what they perceived as the increasing reductionism, routinizing and mechanization of the biomedical sciences and clinical practice by creating holistic models of the body's activities and models of healing based the whole, individual sufferer. Holistic responses were also visible in public health and epidemilogy. The essays collected here explore this previously neglected area. They show how the holistic turn in orthodox medicine in the interwar years was a reaction to the scietific reductionism and the specialization and division of labor and medicine. In addition, all show how this movement was part of a more general response to modernity itself, political, idealogical and cultural upheaval of the years between the wars.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 382 pages
  • 167.4 x 241.3 x 27.2mm | 766.38g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 2 halftones, bibliography
  • 019510904X
  • 9780195109047

Review quote

"A collection of uncommon coherence and importance. To come right to the point, there is every reason to expect this volume to be widely read, widely cited, and powerfully influential in shaping our understanding of biomedicine in the first half of the twentieth century. It is timely, intelligently orchestrated, and draws upon the focused work of more than a dozen scholars to provide a collective depiction of a theme that no single historian is yet in a position to offer. Greater than the Parts: Holism in Biomedicine, 1920-1950 looks absolutely first-rate, and should appeal to an unusually broad array of readers. Certainly it will become indispensable reading for the growing number of scholars who study the history and philosophy of twentieth-century life sciences and medicine."--Dr. John Harley Warner, Professor of the History of Medicine and Life Sciences, Yale University School of Medicineshow more

Table of contents

1. Medical Holism-The Context; PART I. CLINICAL MEDICINE; 2. Kurt Goldstein's Neurology of Healing and Wholeness: A Weimar Story; 3. Holism and German Pathology (1914-1933); 4. A Moment of Synthesis: Medical Holism in France Between the Wars; 5. Still Incommunicable: Clinical Holists and Medical Knowledge in Interwar Britain; 6. Hippocrates and State Medicine: George Newman Outlines the Founding Policy of the Ministry of Health; 7. George Candy Robinson and 'The Patient as a Person'; 8. Evolving Science of Man: The Transformation and Demise of American Constitutional Medicine, 1920-1950; 9. Human Understanding: Psychosomatic Medicine and the Mission of the Rockefeller Foundation; PART II: MEDICAL SCIENCES; 10. Questions of Identity: Science, Aesthetics, and Henry's Head; 11. Walter Cannon and the Psychophysiology of Fear; 'THE TERRAIN IS ALL': MECHNIKOFF'S HERITAGE AT THE PASTEUR INSTITUTE, FROM 'ORTHOBIOTIC SERUM'; 13. Holistic Bacteriology: Ludwik Hirszfeld's Doctrine of Serognesis Between Keating; 14. From Eradication to Equilibrium: How Epidemics Became Complex After World War I; 15. Holism in Twentieth-Century Medicineshow more

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