Grand Theater : Regional Governance in Stalin's Russia, 1931-1941
Grand Theater examines bureaucracy not as a readily identifiable structure but rather as a process of day-to-day operation. Thus it is concerned with how agencies of both the communist party and the state apparatus not only implemented directives from above but also responded to perceived successes and failures, chose to produce, share, and conceal information, and reacted when common citizens injected themselves into governance by making demands and complaints. It concentrates on the 1930s as a seminal period when Stalin's regime established a hypercentralized system that dominated the Soviet Union until its collapse and the Russian Federation since then. It also focuses on the administration of schools as the primary window through which to examine governance because of the importance of education to Soviet authorities, most notably Stalin himself, and the accessibility of archival documents in this field, one not classified as particularly sensitive. Grand Theater provides novel insights into the functioning of Stalinist bureaucracy, brings to the forefront a new understanding of center-periphery relations, and reveals the important role of individuals in what has heretofore been largely regarded, when beyond the Kremlin's inner circle, as a highly impersonal system. It also examines in unprecedented ways the reciprocal relationship between ideology and policy formation, on the one hand, and actual administrative practices, on the other, a relationship that more often than not had negative and dysfunctional consequences for both the governed and governing. Holmes argues that the Soviet administrative system during the 1930s was much like grand theater. The documents produced for and by that system were the script for a discursive theatrical reality that inspired neither a careful appraisal of problems nor a dispassionate search for workable solutions.
- Electronic book text | 282 pages
- 01 Dec 2009
- Lexington Books
- MD, United States
- Illustrations, unspecified
Working on a tip from a Russian education scholar, Holmes departed the more familiar Moscow archives for the city of Kirov, in the Volga-Vyatka region, where a treasure trove of material on the regional administration of education in the 1930s supposedly awaited discovery. The tip paid off, and the result is a terrific book that takes the reader into the day-to-day tasks, worries, and affairs (business and otherwise) of the Kirov district's education establishment. Larry Holmes, our leading expert on Soviet schools, has turned his attention from Moscow to the provinces. In this lively and well-researched book, he focuses not on grand theories of bureaucracy but rather on daily practice. The result is a lively and fascinating close-to-the-ground account in which we meet real people as they live their lives and perform their roles in Soviet schools....--J. Arch Getty The grand theater to which the title refers rests upon the scripts assembled by Holmes from letters, meeting transcripts, administrative reports, legal records, personnel dossiers, and similar materials that he painstakingly analyzed in the archives of the Kirov region. The book's narrative thus mainly consists of detailed discourses among teachers, civil bureaucrats, and party officials that the author interprets as the scripts of his theater. Nearly every chapter also benefits from a carefully assembled conclusion that advances the main arguments of the book....this book is worthy of the attention of specialists...--. "American Historical Review, April 2010 "
About Larry E Holmes
Larry E. Holmes is professor emeritus of history at the University of South Alabama.