Grace, Actual and Habitual a Dogmatic Treatise

Grace, Actual and Habitual a Dogmatic Treatise

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Excerpt: ...privation for its terminus a quo 902 and an indifferent form for its terminus ad quem, but involves a movement from extreme to extreme, and hence the genesis of the one extreme must coincide with the destruction of the other. Sin, being in contrary opposition to righteousness, must depart when righteousness enters the soul. 903 Article 2. The Positive Element Of Justification 1. Heretical Errors and the Church. -Calvin held that justification consists essentially and exclusively in the remission of sins. 904 The other "Reformers" maintained that there must also be a positive element in the process, but differed in determining its nature. a) The ambiguous language employed by Luther and Melanchthon gave rise to many different opinions, which agreed only in one point, that is, in holding, contrary to Catholic teaching, that the positive element of justification is not inward sanctification or inherent righteousness ( i.e. sanctifying grace). Probably the view most common among the supporters of the Augsburg Confession was that the sinner, by a "fiduciary apprehension" of God's mercy, as proclaimed pg 311 in the Gospel, "apprehends" the extrinsic justice of Christ, and with it covers his sins, which are thereupon no longer "imputed" to him. In other words, he is outwardly accounted and declared righteous in the sight of God, though inwardly he remains a sinner. With the exception of "sola fides " there was probably no shibboleth in the sixteenth century so persistently dinned into the ears of Catholics and Protestants alike as "iustitia Christi extra nos ." It is found in the Apologia written in defence of the Augsburg Confession 905 and recurs in the Formula of Concord. 906 According to the "orthodox" Lutheran view, therefore, justification on its positive side is a purely forensic and outward imputation of the righteousness of Christ, which the sinner seizes with the arm of faith and puts on like a cloak to hide more

Product details

  • Paperback | 146 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 8mm | 272g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236716345
  • 9781236716347